decided: March 9, 1979.
COMMONWEALTH OF PENNSYLVANIA
JOSEPH R. PHILLIPS, APPELLANT
No. 204 April Term 1977, Appeal from the Judgment of Sentence of the Court of Common Pleas, Criminal Division of Clearfield County, dated September 22, 1976, at No. 76-441
F. Cortez Bell, Jr., Clearfield, for appellant.
Thomas Morgan, District Attorney, and with him, Barbara H. Schickling, Assistant District Attorney, Clearfield, for Commonwealth, appellee.
Van der Voort, Spaeth and Montgomery, JJ. Van der Voort, J., dissents.
[ 264 Pa. Super. Page 176]
On April 25, 1976, appellant along with four other prisoners escaped from the Clearfield County Jail. He was reapprehended two days later while driving a car which had been reported stolen. Present counsel was appointed, and after a preliminary hearing, appellant was held on the charges of Escape,*fn1 Kidnapping*fn2 and Theft.*fn3 Pursuant to a plea bargain agreement, appellant pled guilty to all three charges on September 22, 1976. Following a guilty plea colloquy, appellant was sentenced to a minimum term of 4 years, a maximum of 8, on the Escape and Kidnapping charges, and a concurrent sentence of 3 1/2 to 7 on the Theft conviction. No post-verdict motions were filed. Appellant is appealing the sentence imposed on the escape and kidnapping convictions.
Appellant now alleges the following: (1) That the failure of the sentencing Court to obtain a pre-sentence investigation deprived him of his right to have the court consider his circumstances and rehabilitation needs in its determination of minimum sentence; (2) The pre-plea colloquy did not
[ 264 Pa. Super. Page 177]
develop sufficient factual basis of the crimes charged for a determination as to whether the plea should be accepted; and (3) The pre-trial colloquy did not develop sufficient factual information of the circumstances of the offenses to form a basis for determining a minimum sentence.
By challenging the sufficiency of the pre-plea colloquy, appellant is in effect challenging the validity of his guilty plea. Since the plea and sentence in this case occurred subsequent to Commonwealth v. Roberts, 237 Pa. Super. 336, 352 A.2d 140 (1975), appellant must first file a petition to withdraw his plea in the court below before challenging it on direct appeal. However, we are precluded from finding waiver in this case because an independent examination of the record, as mandated by Commonwealth v. Johnson, 258 Pa. Super. 214, 392 A.2d 760 (1978), reveals that it is completely devoid of any affirmative proof that appellant had been apprised by the lower court, or his counsel, of the right to petition to withdraw his guilty plea, of the right to assistance of counsel in filing such a petition, and of the consequences of not filing such a petition. Also see Commonwealth v. McCusker, 245 Pa. Super. 402, 369 A.2d 465 (1976), rev'd, 485 Pa. 313 (1977) and Commonwealth v. Marzik, 255 Pa. Super. 500, 388 A.2d 340 (1978). Therefore this case must be remanded to allow appellant to petition to withdraw his guilty plea nunc pro tunc.
Also, in remanding we vacate the judgments of sentence because the lower court imposed a collective sentence of four to eight years on the Escape and Kidnapping charges. Since this sentence is excessive for the Escape charge*fn4 alone, the appellant must be resentenced with the court imposing separate terms for the escape and kidnapping convictions.
The judgment of sentence is vacated and the record is remanded to allow the appellant an opportunity to petition
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to withdraw his guilty plea if he so desires, and also for the purpose of resentencing in compliance with this opinion.