Appeal from the Order of the Secretary of Education in case of Appeal of Warren Williams, a professional employe, from a decision of the Board of School Directors of the Abington School District, Pennsylvania, No. 285.
Richard W. Rogers, with him Rogers, King & Cole, for appellant.
Robert A. MacDonnell, with him Obermayer, Rebmann, Maxwell & Hippel, for appellee.
Judges Wilkinson, Jr., DiSalle and MacPhail, sitting as a panel of three. Opinion by Judge DiSalle.
[ 40 Pa. Commw. Page 536]
This is an appeal from an order of the Secretary of Education (Secretary) sustaining the decision of the Board of School Directors of the Abington School District (Board) abolishing the position of Coordinator of Science held by Warren F. Williams (Appellant) and reassigning him to the Huntingdon Junior High School as an eighth grade physical science teacher. Appellant asks us to reverse the Secretary's order and restore him to the position of Science Coordinator.
Appellant, a professional employe of the Abington School District (School District), served as a Coordinator of Science from 1968 until that position was abolished during the summer of 1975. In June of that year, Dr. Carl B. Hoffman, Superintendent of the School District, presented the Board with a proposed budget for the upcoming 1975-1976 school year. Following notice from the Board that decreases in both revenue and student enrollment mandated extensive reductions, Dr. Hoffman submitted a revised budget.
On June 30, 1975, after extended public meetings, the Board adopted a budget for the 1975-1976 school year which provided no funds for the continuation of several positions, including Appellant's. On August 12, 1975, the Board, without Appellant's consent, officially abolished the position of Coordinator of Science
[ 40 Pa. Commw. Page 537]
and approved the re-assignment of Appellant to Huntingdon Junior High School.
Appellant, having notified the Board that he considered the change of assignment to be a demotion, received a hearing on the matter on November 24, 1975. At a December 1, meeting, the Board, with Appellant present, affirmed its August 12 action, finding it to be neither arbitrary, capricious nor discriminatory. Appellant received formal written notice of the decision on December 16, 1975, and filed a timely appeal with the Secretary. Following a July 3, 1976 hearing, the Secretary affirmed the Board's action.
Appellant argues initially that the Board's action in demoting him was arbitrary, capricious and discriminatory, and that it was unsupported by clear and apparent reasons. We note that demotions pursuant to the Public School Code of 1949 (Code), Act of March 10, 1949, P.L. 30, as amended, 24 P.S. § 1-101 et seq., are presumptively valid. Hibbs v. Arensberg, 276 Pa. 24, 119 A. 727 (1923); Lucostic v. Brownsville Area School District, 6 Pa. Commonwealth Ct. 587, 297 A.2d 516 (1972). The demoted employe bears the very heavy burden of proving that the School Board acted arbitrarily or upon improper considerations. Smith v. Darby School District, 388 Pa. 301, 130 A.2d 661 (1957).
Our careful review of the record indicates that Appellant has failed to meet that burden. We find substantial evidence that the Board based its action upon valid economic and financial considerations ...