decided: January 26, 1979.
CITY OF PITTSBURGH, A MUNICIPAL CORPORATION ET AL.
ALLEN BRUNWASSER, APPELLANT. ALLEN N. BRUNWASSER, APPELLANT V. CITY OF PITTSBURGH, A MUNICIPAL CORPORATION, AND JOSEPH L. COSETTI, TREASURER, APPELLEES
Appeals from the Orders of the Court of Common Pleas of Allegheny County in cases of City of Pittsburgh, a municipal corporation, and Joseph L. Cosetti, Treasurer v. Allen Brunwasser, No. GD 76-28510, and Allen N. Brunwasser v. Grace S. Harris and The City of Pittsburgh, a municipal corporation, No. GD 76-28380.
Allen N. Brunwasser, appellant, for himself.
D. R. Pellegrini, Assistant City Solicitor, with him Grace S. Harris, Assistant City Solicitor, and Mead J. Mulvihill, Jr., City Solicitor, for appellees.
Judges Crumlish, Jr., Mencer and Craig, sitting as a panel of three. Opinion by Judge Mencer.
[ 40 Pa. Commw. Page 198]
On December 20, 1976, the City of Pittsburgh and its Treasurer, Joseph L. Cosetti (City) filed a complaint in equity in the Court of Common Pleas of Allegheny County seeking to compel Allen N. Brunwasser,
[ 40 Pa. Commw. Page 199]
an attorney (Brunwasser) to file full and complete business privilege and earned income tax returns for the years 1971 through 1977 and to compel the payment of said taxes, together with penalties, interest, and costs.*fn1
The taxes for which this suit was brought were levied pursuant to The Local Tax Enabling Act, Act of December 31, 1965, P.L. 1257, as amended, 53 P.S. § 6901 et seq. The business privilege tax imposes a tax on the gross receipts received by business, professions, and other activities conducted within the City. The City's earned income tax levies a tax of one percent on the compensation received by residents of the City from earnings. Both taxes are self-assessing and require the filing of a return and the immediate payment of the tax. Instead of filing a completed return, Brunwasser filed a signed blank return alleging certain constitutional defenses.
On or about June 8, 1977, the court below issued a preliminary injunction granting a portion of the relief requested by the City. Brunwasser immediately appealed to the Superior Court, and the City's petition for the transfer of the appeal to this Court, on the basis that the Superior Court lacked jurisdiction, was granted.
After Brunwasser failed to comply with the decree of the court below, the City filed a rule to show cause why he should not be held in contempt. After hearing, answer, and time to comply, Brunwasser refused to comply and was incarcerated in the Allegheny County Jail until a stay was issued by the Supreme Court. Brunwasser appealed the finding of contempt to this Court, which appeal has been consolidated with
[ 40 Pa. Commw. Page 200]
the aforementioned appeal transferred to us by the Superior Court.
When reviewing a decision granting a preliminary injunction, that decision will not be disturbed if there exist any apparently reasonable grounds for the court's action. Fantastic Plastic, Inc. v. Flaherty, 26 Pa. Commonwealth Ct. 11, 361 A.2d 489 (1976). It is clear that courts have the inherent power to enforce compliance with their lawful orders through, as here, civil contempt. In re Martorano, 464 Pa. 66, 346 A.2d 22 (1975). Where the court has jurisdiction over the subject matter and the parties and has the authority or power to render the particular order or decree, a party failing to abide by its terms may be held for contempt despite any error or irregularity in the order or decree, which must be obeyed so long as it is in effect and until it is dissolved by the court issuing it, or reversed on appeal. School District v. Pittsburgh Federation of Teachers Local 400, 31 Pa. Commonwealth Ct. 461, 376 A.2d 1021 (1977).
Guided by these principles and after a careful study of the record, we affirm the orders of the Court of Common Pleas of Allegheny County, Civil Division, on appeal here, on the unreported opinions of Judge Wekselman, dated June 6, 1977 and September 8, 1977 and filed to No. G.D. 76-28510, in equity.*fn2
[ 40 Pa. Commw. Page 201]
And Now, this 26th day of January, 1979, the orders of the Court of Common Pleas of Allegheny County entered in the above captioned cases, under date of June 8, 1977 and September 6, 1977, are hereby affirmed.