decided: December 22, 1978.
COMMONWEALTH OF PENNSYLVANIA, APPELLANT,
LOUIS E. HUERTAS, APPELLEE
No. 1934 October Term, 1977, Appeal from the Order of the Court of Common Pleas, Criminal Division of Northampton County, entered June 14, 1977, at No. 736-1976.
John E. Gallagher, District Attorney, Easton, for Com., appellant.
George A. Heitczman, Bethlehem, for appellee.
Watkins, President Judge, and Jacobs, Hoffman, Cercone, Price, Van der Voort and Spaeth, JJ. Watkins, former President Judge, and Hoffman, J., did not participate in the consideration or decision of this case.
[ 261 Pa. Super. Page 260]
This appeal is from an order of the Court of Common Pleas of Northampton County granting defendant's motion to dismiss charges against him with prejudice, pursuant to Pa.R.Crim.P. 1100(f). In the same order, the lower court rescinded its prior order of February 16, 1977 granting an extension to the Commonwealth under Rule 1100(c). The Commonwealth contends that the February order granting the extension was in fact valid even though at that time the defendant was unavailable. For the reasons that follow, we reverse.
On April 29, 1976, the Commonwealth filed a criminal complaint against the appellee charging him with possession with intent to deliver and delivery of heroin to an undercover Pennsylvania State Trooper on April 22, 1976. Consequently, appellee should have been brought to trial no later than October 26, 1976,*fn1 absent either the exclusion of any period of delay from the computation by grace of Rule 1100(d)(1)*fn2 or an order granting a timely application by the Commonwealth for an extension pursuant to Rule 1100(c).*fn3
[ 261 Pa. Super. Page 261]
The case was initially scheduled for trial on June 22, 1976, but was continued by the Commonwealth due to the unavailability of courtroom space. The trial was rescheduled for September 21, 1976 at which time 35 of the original 180 days remained. However, appellee failed to appear in court on that date, and a bail piece was issued on the following day. The Commonwealth's repeated efforts to locate the appellee were fruitless, until he turned himself in on April 21, 1977. Because of appellee's unavailability, the Commonwealth now had 35 days from April 21, 1977 to bring him to trial, or by May 26, 1977.*fn4 Consequently, the Commonwealth's petition for extension, filed during appellee's absence on February 8, 1977, was clearly timely.*fn5
On May 19, 1977, appellee petitioned for dismissal of the charges against him with prejudice pursuant to Rule 1100(f).*fn6 On June 14, 1977, the court below granted that
[ 261 Pa. Super. Page 262]
petition, simultaneously rescinding the extension which it had granted to the Commonwealth on February 16, 1977. Appellant contends that the February 16, 1977 extension was valid and consequently ought to be reinstated. We agree.
Appellant initially argues that a defendant's presence at an extension hearing is not pre-requisite to a valid grant, as long as notice of the hearing has been sent to him through his attorney.*fn7 In Commonwealth v. Taylor, 473 Pa. 400, 374 A.2d 1274 (1977), the Supreme Court held that where defendant's attorney was given adequate notice of the Commonwealth's extension application but failed to appear at the hearing, the defendant was deemed to have consented to the extension. Id., 473 Pa. at 404-05, 374 A.2d at 1276. Although the precise issue was waiver of the right to object to the extension, implicit in the Court's holding was the assumption that the defendant need not be available for or present at the hearing, so long as his attorney has adequate notice.*fn8 Therefore, the mere fact that appellee herein was unavailable should not preclude the Commonwealth from seeking an extension, where the defendant is represented by counsel. To so hold would frustrate the Commonwealth's effort to best protect all parties' interests by seeking an extension to a specified time.
Unavailability of the defendant or his attorney is by definition grounds for excluding the period of unavailability from the computation of the 180 days. Pa.R.Crim.P. 1100(d); Commonwealth v. Lennox, 250 Pa. Super. 80, 83, 378
[ 261 Pa. Super. Page 263]
A.2d 462, 464 (1977). The lower court concluded that consequently, it would be unnecessarily duplicitous to grant an extension based on unavailability. Lower Ct.Op. at 3. However, unless the District Attorney asks for an extension, he must be the judge of whether the defendant was unavailable. Unless he is able to present the issue before the 180 days have expired and have the court determine unavailability in terms of his due diligence, he runs the risk of having the court find that the defendant had in fact been available and that consequently the 180 days had expired. This is particularly true where the defendant is represented by counsel who is available.
Where as herein defendant is a fugitive, he certainly has no right to object to an extension for that reason. The lower court is rewarding a fugitive by forcing the District Attorney to depart from the orderly administration of justice to accommodate the fugitive. Considering the fact that extensions granted on account of overcrowded dockets have been approved, where defendant was not at all at fault, See Commonwealth v. Shelton, 469 Pa. 8, 364 A.2d 694 (1976), the extension granted to appellant herein on February 16, 1977 was not improper where the unilateral activities of appellee were frustrating any attempts at rescheduling the trial.*fn9
Reversed and remanded for proceedings not inconsistent with this opinion.