decided: November 22, 1978.
GARY FINN, APPELLEE,
HARRY J. DUGAN AND JOHN WALTON, PERSONAL REPRESENTATIVE OF THE ESTATE OF JOHN D. WALTON, JR., DECEASED. APPEAL OF JOHN WALTON
No. 160 October Term, 1978, On Appeal from Order of the Court of Common Pleas of Montgomery County, No. 75-7932 dated September 8, 1977.
Richard R. High, Philadelphia, with him Robert C. Steiger, Southampton, for appellant.
Perry Stanton Block, Philadelphia, with him Frederick R. Herman, Philadelphia, for appellee, Finn.
No appearance entered nor brief submitted for appellee, Dugan.
Price, Hester and Hoffman, JJ.
[ 260 Pa. Super. Page 368]
This is an appeal from an Order of the Common Pleas Court of Montgomery County denying appellants Motion for summary judgment.*fn1
Appellant is the father of John Walton, Jr. On November 18, 1973, a car driven by John Walton, Jr. collided with a car driven by Harry Dugan. John Walton, Jr., was killed instantly and appellee, a passenger in the Walton car, was severely injured.
[ 260 Pa. Super. Page 369]
On May 23, 1975, appellee instituted an action in trespass via complaint against John Walton as personal representative of the Estate of John Walton, Jr. and Harry Dugan. Appellant (John Walton) filed an answer on December 22, 1975 wherein he denied that "John Walton is the personal representative of the Estate of John Walton, Jr., deceased". Appellant also filed a Motion for summary judgment at the same time, attaching affidavits, asserting again that he was not the personal representative of his son's estate and also asserting that the statute of limitation had run. The court denied summary judgment and this appeal followed.
Appellant asserts that since appellee did not sue the proper party within the two year statute of limitations the Motion for summary judgment should have been granted.
There is no dispute that appellant is not now and never was the personal representative of his son's estate and that there, in fact, is no personal representative of the Estate of John Walton, Jr., deceased. There is also no dispute that the statute of limitations ran as of November 18, 1975.
The law is clear that all actions that survive a decedent must be brought by or against a personal representative, duly appointed by the Register of Wills. Lovejoy v. Georgeff, 224 Pa. Super. 206, 303 A.2d 501 (1973).
Appellee has sued the wrong party. Ordinarily this might present no problem, since appellee could either amend the complaint or file a new action. Here, however, the statute of limitations ran*fn2 and no amendment could be made. See Miller v. Jacobs, 361 Pa. 492, 65 A.2d 362 (1949).
[ 260 Pa. Super. Page 370]
The lower court, however, thought that this posed no problem. The court held that appellant should be estopped from asserting the statute of limitations, because he (appellant) delayed his response to the appellee's complaint to such an extent that the statute of limitations expired before the appellee had discovered that he sued an improper party and this "bad faith", in intentionally concealing material facts, should preclude him (appellant) from asserting that statute of limitations as a defense. The court relied on Shaffer v. Lazelere, 410 Pa. 402, 189 A.2d 267 (1963) and Nesbitt v. Erie Coach Co., 416 Pa. 89, 204 A.2d 473 (1964) and while we agree with the principles enunciated in those cases, we think reliance on them is misplaced. Shaffer involved a case of a deliberate concealment of facts necessary to discovery of the proper defendant and Nesbitt involved facts where an insurance adjuster made statements to the plaintiff reasonably inducing her to expect a settlement. In this case, there was no contact between appellant and appellee. No representations were made and no attempt was made by the appellant to conceal the fact that he was not the personal representative of his son. Furthermore, the appellee made no attempt to show any active concealment. The lower court seems to place a great deal of emphasis on appellants failure to answer for six months. However, the appellee was not powerless during this time; he could have easily taken default judgment for failure to answer.
This case parallels the situation presented in Marzella v. King, 256 Pa. Super. 179, 389 A.2d 659 (1978) and Lovejoy v. Georgeff, supra, and in both cases this court approved and quoted the reasoning of the Supreme Court of Ohio in Wrinkle v. Trabert, 174 Ohio St. 233, 188 N.E.2d 587 (1963):
"Plaintiff had immediate knowledge of the death of the decedent and a course of action to pursue . . . [P]laintiff had the power to secure the appointment of an administrator within the statutory period of limitation. In fact, plaintiff was aware of this but failed, through his own lack of diligence, to perfect the appointment. Plaintiff's failure should not lead to the relaxation of what we
[ 260 Pa. Super. Page 371]
think should be the sounder rule in such instances, that is, where one has a claim against an estate, it is incumbent upon him, if no administrator has been appointed, to procure the appointment of an administrator against whom he can proceed." 174 Ohio St. at 237-38, 188 N.E.2d at 591.
Since appellant was not the proper party to be sued and the statute of limitations had run, we believe it was error to deny appellant's Motion for summary judgment. All material facts were uncontroverted and we think that appellant was entitled to judgment as a matter of law.
The Order of the lower court is reversed and judgment for the appellant is hereby entered.