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STANLEY G. NODVIK v. COMMONWEALTH PENNSYLVANIA (09/07/78)

decided: September 7, 1978.

STANLEY G. NODVIK, PETITIONER
v.
COMMONWEALTH OF PENNSYLVANIA, UNEMPLOYMENT COMPENSATION BOARD OF REVIEW, RESPONDENT



Appeal from the Order of the Unemployment Compensation Board of Review in case of In Re: Claim of Stanley G. Nodvik, No. B-140782.

COUNSEL

Edmond A. Tiryak, for appellant.

Susan Shinkman, Assistant Attorney General, with her Robert P. Kane, Attorney General, for appellee.

Judges Crumlish, Jr., Blatt and DiSalle, sitting as a panel of three. Opinion by Judge Crumlish, Jr.

Author: Crumlish

[ 37 Pa. Commw. Page 467]

Stanley G. Nodvik (Claimant/Appellant) appeals a decision of the Unemployment Compensation Board of Review (Board) which affirmed the referee who denied him unemployment compensation benefits.

The unusual facts are undisputed. Claimant was employed by Reuben H. Donnelly (Employer) for approximately two years as a computer programmer. He suffers from "manic depression," a recurring mental illness affecting his judgment and causing hyperactivity, excitability and euphoria. Symptoms of the illness became manifest in October, 1975, and on-the-job difficulties began. Claimant was unable to sleep, he became increasingly irrational and was incapable of performing even the simplest tasks. Hoping to minimize these difficulties, he arranged for a reduced work week. The adjusted work week failed to remedy the situation and while in a manic state, Claimant resigned on February 9, 1976. Claimant's condition persisted for approximately two weeks after his resignation and then subsided.

Claimant's application for unemployment compensation benefits was denied by the referee, who found that Claimant voluntarily terminated his employment without cause of a necessitous and compelling reason. His ineligibility, therefore, was premised on Section 402(b)(1) of the Unemployment Compensation Law (Law), Act of December 5, 1936, Second Ex. Sess., P.L. (1937) 2897, as amended, 43 P.S. ยง 802(b)(1), which provides, in part, as follows:

An employe shall be ineligible for compensation for any week --

(b)(1) In which his unemployment is due to voluntarily leaving work without cause of a necessitous and compelling nature. . . .

[ 37 Pa. Commw. Page 468]

On appeal, the Board found that Claimant suffers from a medically certified illness; that Employer was aware of Claimant's illness; that the illness precludes Claimant from thinking rationally; that Claimant altered his work schedule to minimize the difficulties caused by the illness; and that, while under the influence of the illness, Claimant resigned. The Board concluded that because Claimant was unable to think rationally during the period of his illness, he cannot be disqualified from receiving benefits under Section 402(b)(1). It, however, also reasoned that because of his inability to exhibit rational behavior, Claimant was neither able to work nor was he available for suitable work during the period of his illness. Therefore, he was deemed ...


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