Appeal from the Order of the Court of Common Pleas of Allegheny County in case of In Re: Appeal of John Kuruce, Police Officer, Borough of McKees Rocks, No. SA173 of 1977.
Louise Porac, for appellant.
Samuel J. Pasquarelli, for appellee.
Judges Mencer, Rogers and DiSalle, sitting as a panel of three. Opinion by Judge DiSalle.
[ 36 Pa. Commw. Page 158]
This case involves an appeal from an order of the Court of Common Pleas of Allegheny County dated June 30, 1977. The order dismissed the appeal filed by John Kuruce (Kuruce) from a decision of the Civil Service Commission of the Borough of McKees Rocks (Commission) sustaining the dismissal of Kuruce from the Borough's police department.
On October 12, 1976, Kuruce was formerly charged by the Chief of Police with conduct unbecoming an officer and was discharged from the police force by the Borough Council. The action stemmed from a single incident which occurred on October 5, 1976, while Kuruce was handling a prisoner in the Borough police station. Specifically, it was charged that Kuruce struck and pushed the handcuffed prisoner, causing him to fall and strike his head on the floor, and that, while the prisoner was prone on the floor, face down, and still handcuffed, Kuruce kicked him about the face and head. This resulted in a fractured skull and a concussion requiring in-patient hospitalization.
[ 36 Pa. Commw. Page 159]
A hearing on the charge was conducted by the Commission on December 15, 1976. During the hearing, the testimony of Kuruce and several eye witnesses to the incident was adduced. In a decision dated January 27, 1977, the Commission found Kuruce to be guilty of conduct unbecoming an officer and affirmed his dismissal from the Borough's police force.*fn1 Kuruce thereafter filed an appeal to the Court of Common Pleas of Allegheny County,*fn2 contending only that the charges against him were false. The parties agreed that the court could decide the case on the original record, as supplemented by briefs. Pursuant to this
[ 36 Pa. Commw. Page 160]
agreement, no evidence was introduced by Kuruce. His brief did raise an issue, however, which was not set forth in his original Petition for Leave to Appeal. This went to the Commission's failure to make specific findings of fact and conclusions of law. After consideration of the record and the issues raised, the lower court dismissed Kuruce's appeal. He then filed the instant appeal.
Kuruce argues before this Court that the lower court erred in failing to remand the case to the Commission for specific findings of fact and conclusions of law. He contends that without findings of fact on all material questions, the lower court could not provide a proper review. He further argues that to allow the lower court's decision to stand under the circumstances denies him due process of law. We do not agree. While the Commission should have provided comprehensive findings on all questions of fact, we are of the view that a remand for this purpose is not warranted under the circumstances.
Prior to any legal proceeding, Kuruce was notified in writing of the single incident from which the charges arose. At all stages of the proceedings, Kuruce was represented by counsel. Furthermore, Kuruce could have remedied any alleged inadequacy in the Commission's adjudication by proceeding before the lower court de novo.*fn3 It was his decision not to proceed in this manner. Finally, Kuruce's appeal petition indicated that he was well aware of the specific question of fact which the Commission had decided. Upon consideration of ...