Appeal from the Order of the Unemployment Compensation Board of Review in case of In Re: Claim of James Hill, No. B-137617.
Arnold Dranoff, for appellant.
Susan Shinkman, Assistant Attorney General, with her Robert P. Kane, Attorney General, for appellee.
President Judge Bowman and Judges Mencer and Rogers, sitting as a panel of three. Opinion by Judge Rogers.
[ 35 Pa. Commw. Page 253]
James Hill has appealed a decision of the Unemployment Compensation Board of Review (Board) affirming a referee's order denying him compensation. Hill was declared ineligible for having voluntarily left his work without cause of a necessitous and compelling nature. Section 402(b)(1) of the Unemployment Compensation Law (Law), Act of December
[ 35 Pa. Commw. Page 2545]
, 1936, Second Ex. Sess., P.L. (1937) 2897, as amended, 43 P.S. § 802(b)(1).
Hill was employed by the United States as a pipefitter at the Philadelphia Naval Shipyard from April 3, 1973 until July 31, 1975. Hill resigned on the latter date and applied for unemployment compensation. He initially received compensation, but his status was later redetermined and he was found to be ineligible as a voluntary quit. Hill appealed the redetermination, but after a hearing was again found to be ineligible by a referee. Hill appealed this decision to the Board of Review which, after ordering two additional hearings, adopted the findings and conclusions of the referee and affirmed her decision denying compensation. We now affirm that decision of the Board of Review.
Hill concedes that he voluntarily left his work. He says first, however, that he did so in order to avoid the stigma of being discharged for absenteeism and that this notice provided a necessitous and compelling cause for his leaving. Hill testified that the basis for his belief that he would be discharged was a letter received from his employer so advising him. Hill never produced this letter, saying that he left it with a representative of his employer; although Hill was represented by counsel at several hearings no copy of the letter was produced. Hill, however, argues that he had the right to appeal his employer's determination that he should be discharged. Although Hill asserted that he did not become aware of this right until after he had resigned, he clearly made no effort at anytime to exercise the right to question his discharge. Hence, the referee's finding that ". . . the appellant had a right to file an appeal but did not do so" is supported by the record. Since questions of credibility and the weight of evidence are for the trier of fact and not this Court, we could not disturb this
[ 35 Pa. Commw. Page 255]
finding even were we inclined to do so. Barrett v. Unemployment Compensation Board of Review, 30 Pa. Commonwealth Ct. 429, 373 A.2d 1183 (1977). Whatever the contents of the missing letter on which Hill depended, the existence of a right to appeal the threatened discharge rendered the prospect of discharge less than a certainty. Hill's quit was not therefore made in the fact of a certain discharge, as was the case in Volk v. Unemployment Compensation Board of Review, 29 Pa. Commonwealth Ct. 529, 371 A.2d 1045 (1977), and Kozlowski Unemployment Compensation Case, 191 Pa. Superior Ct. 83, 155 A.2d 373 (1959). The case falls rather within that line of cases which hold that one who quits his work merely to avoid the chance of being fired is not entitled to compensation. Rizzitano v. Unemployment Compensation Board of Review, 32 Pa. Commonwealth Ct. 59, 377 A.2d 1060 (1977); Garvin v. Unemployment Compensation Board of Review, 18 Pa. Commonwealth Ct. 96, 334 A.2d 854 (1975).
Hill also says that he had a problem of health which furnished an additional necessitous and compelling cause for his leaving work. Hill worked, as we have noted, for a federal agency. Under federal statutes any unemployment compensation benefits paid by the state are reimbursed by the federal government. See 5 U.S.C. §§ 8502, 8505. At all times pertinent to this case, federal law provided that eligibility for benefits should be determined by state agencies under state law, but that findings made by the federal employing agency concerning, inter alia, "the reasons for termination ...