decided: April 13, 1978.
FIRST VALLEY BANK, APPELLEE,
BRUCE B. STEINMANN AND ALICE P. STEINMANN, HUSBAND AND WIFE, APPELLANTS
Bruce B. Steinmann and Alice P. Steinmann, appellants, in propria persona.
George A. Hahalis, Bethlehem, for appellee.
Watkins, President Judge, and Jacobs, Hoffman, Cercone, Price, Van der Voort and Spaeth, JJ. Watkins, former President Judge, did not participate in the consideration or decision of this case.
[ 253 Pa. Super. Page 10]
This appeal arises from the lower court's order dated December 22, 1976, striking appellants' exceptions to the findings of fact and verdict entered by Judge Williams following a non-jury trial in an assumpsit action. Appellants
[ 253 Pa. Super. Page 11]
contend that the judgment of non pros entered against them was improper because the Court Administrator failed to notify them of the argument on their exceptions scheduled for December 7, 1976. Since our examination of the record fails to reveal whether appellants actually received notice of the argument date, we reverse and remand for an evidentiary hearing to determine whether notice was given in compliance with Northampton Rule of Court (Civil) 258.1.*fn1
Appellee has filed a petition to strike this appeal, alleging various technical violations of the Pennsylvania Rules of Appellate Procedure and of the Rules of the Court of Common Pleas of Northampton County. Ordinarily the technical quashing of an appeal is to be deprecated. Schmehl v. Mellinger, 325 Pa. 487, 191 A.2d 62 (1937). Motions to dismiss appeals must be considered in light of the fact that the law favors appeals and a review on the merits is preferred. In a doubtful case the appeal will be maintained. 5 C.J.S. Appeal and Error § 1377 (1958). Furthermore, Pennsylvania Rule of Appellate Procedure 2101 provides that an appeal may be quashed or dismissed if the defects in the brief or record are substantial. In light of the fact that appellants are bringing this appeal pro se and the defects in their brief and reproduced record are merely technical in nature, the motion to strike is denied.
Turning to the merits of appellants' contentions, we note that appellants present many allegations of error relating to the trial judge's findings of fact and verdict in favor of appellee following the non-jury trial held on August 2, 1976.*fn2 See Pa.R.C.P. 1038. We need not, however, address
[ 253 Pa. Super. Page 12]
these contentions at this time. The trial judge's decision is only a preliminary or interlocutory judgment. Final judgment is not entered until after the hearing on the exceptions before the court en banc. It is only from the decision on the disposition of the exceptions that an appeal may be taken. Singer v. Redevelopment Authority of City of Oil City, 437 Pa. 55, 261 A.2d 594 (1970); Meitner v. Scarborough, 321 Pa. 212, 184 A. 81 (1936). The only issue properly framed for our review is, therefore, whether the trial judge erred in dismissing appellants' exceptions for failure to prosecute.
Appellants filed their exceptions to Judge Williams' August 4th decision on August 20, 1976, well within the twenty day period set forth in Pa.R.C.P. 1038(d). Appellants neglected, however, to give notice of the filing to either the court or opposing counsel as required by the local rules of court. In addition they failed to file a brief in support of their exceptions. No further action was taken until November 18, 1976, when counsel for appellee filed a praecipe for argument en banc on December 7, 1976. Appellants did not appear at the call of the argument list on December 7th, and the court dismissed their exceptions for non pros.*fn3
[ 253 Pa. Super. Page 13]
It is well settled that the decision of whether to grant a non pros because of the failure of a party to proceed with its action within a reasonable time rests within the discretion of the lower court. The exercise of this discretion will not be disturbed on appeal unless it is apparent that there has been an abuse of that discretion. James Brothers Lumber Co. v. Union Banking and Trust Co. of DuBois, Page 13} Pennsylvania, 432 Pa. 129, 247 A.2d 587 (1968), quoting Gallagher v. Jewish Hospital Association, 425 Pa. 112, 228 A.2d 732 (1967).
In determining whether the lower court abused its discretion, three factors must be considered: (1) whether appellants have shown a want of due diligence in failing to proceed with reasonable promptitude in prosecuting their exceptions; (2) whether there was any compelling reason for the delay; and (3) whether the delay caused some prejudice to appellee. Cf., James Brothers Lumber Co. v. Union Banking and Trust Co. of DuBois, Pennsylvania, 432 Pa. 129, 247 A.2d 587 (1968). The time frame within which these factors must be examined is that period between the trial judge's initial decision on August 4, 1976, and December 22, 1976, the date of the court's order dismissing appellants' exceptions.*fn4 Appellants allege that their failure to proceed by placing their exceptions on the argument list and their failure to attend the argument scheduled for December 7, 1976, were due to their belief that they would be notified of the date of the hearing on the exceptions. They intimate that when they filed their exceptions, the Court Administrator's office led them to conclude that no further action was required on their part. The crux of the matter lies in whether or not appellants in fact received notice from the Court Administrator's office of the impending hearing in accordance with Northampton Civil Rule 258.1. If they did not, appellants could not be found to have shown a want of due diligence and would be able to demonstrate a compelling reason for their delay in proceeding to argument on their exceptions.*fn5
[ 253 Pa. Super. Page 14]
Judge Williams believed that the Court Administrator had properly notified appellants of the argument date. This belief may have weighed heavily in his decision to dismiss their exceptions. Since we are unable to determine from the record the facts upon which the learned trial judge relied in exercising his discretion, we reverse and remand for an evidentiary hearing on the notice issue. If it is determined upon remand that no notice was received, the lower court en banc will hear argument on the merits of appellants' exceptions. An appeal may, of course, be had from the decision on the merits. If, on the other hand, it is determined that notice was properly given, the judgment of the lower court will be reinstated.