No. 1820 October Term, 1976, Appeal from the Order, dated May 26, 1976, of the Court of Common Pleas of Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, at No. 661 of 1976., Criminal Section.
Joseph C. Madenspacher, Assistant District Attorney, Lancaster, for Commonwealth, appellant.
No appearance entered nor brief submitted for appellee.
Watkins, President Judge, and Jacobs, Hoffman, Cercone, Price, Van der Voort, and Spaeth, JJ. Hoffman and Spaeth, JJ., concur in the result.
[ 252 Pa. Super. Page 367]
This is an appeal by the Commonwealth from an order of the court below denying a petition to extend the time for commencement of trial and discharging the appellee. The court below predicated its order upon a finding that the appellee's right to a speedy trial under Pa.R.Crim.P. 1100 had been violated. For the reasons stated herein, we reverse the order of the lower court, reinstate the criminal charge against the appellee, and remand the case to the court below for trial within one hundred and twenty (120) days.
On November 12, 1975, a written complaint was lodged against the appellee charging him with aggravated assault*fn1 and resisting arrest or other law enforcement.*fn2 A preliminary hearing was conducted on March 9, 1976, and a prima facie case was found on the resisting arrest or other law enforcement charge. On March 23, 1976, the Commonwealth filed a petition seeking an extension of time for commencing trial. On March 24, the court below scheduled a hearing on the petition for May 12, 1976. On May 12, the hearing was rescheduled for the day of trial. On May 25, 1976, the trial judge, after a hearing, denied the Commonwealth's petition and dismissed the resisting arrest charge against appellee.
Pa.R.Crim.P. 1100(a)(2) mandates that: "Trial in a court case in which a written complaint is filed against the defendant after June 30, 1974 shall commence no later than one hundred eighty (180) days from the date on which the complaint is filed." Under Pa.R.Crim.P. 1100(c), however, the Commonwealth may apply to the court below at any
[ 252 Pa. Super. Page 368]
time prior to the expiration of the prescribed period for an order extending the time for commencement of trial.*fn3 In the instant case, the Commonwealth predicated its petition for extension upon a claim that trial could not be commenced by May 10, 1976, the 180th day, because of unavoidable delay in conducting appellee's preliminary hearing. Specifically, the Commonwealth complained that appellee had effected postponement of his preliminary hearing from November 21, 1975, until January 9, 1976, and from February 25, 1976, until March 9, 1976. The Commonwealth further asserted that it was required to continue appellee's preliminary hearing from January 9, 1976, until February 25, 1976, because of the illness of a primary prosecution witness.
Under Rule 1100(c), the Commonwealth should be granted an extension of time for commencement of trial if it can demonstrate on the record that trial could not be commenced within the prescribed period despite its due diligence. In the instant case, the magistrate's docket and the witnesses adduced at the extension hearing verified the Commonwealth's claim that appellee's preliminary hearing was continued on three occasions for purposes beyond the Commonwealth's control. At the hearing on the Commonwealth's petition to extend, appellee conceded that he requested that the preliminary hearing be continued on November 21, 1975, and on February 25, 1976.*fn4 Periods of
[ 252 Pa. Super. Page 369]
delay occasioned by defense request may substantiate the grant of a Commonwealth extension petition. See, e. g., Commonwealth v. Shields, 247 Pa. Super. 74, 371 A.2d 1333 (1977). Additionally, a Commonwealth witness, Marshall A. Dussinger, testified that on January 9, 1976, he was in a Cleveland hospital being treated for a suspected heart attack. Periods of delay due to the unavailability of a hospitalized Commonwealth witness may be the basis of an extension of time for commencement of trial. Since the record supports the ...