No. 1116 October Term, 1975, Appeal from the Judgment of Sentence of the Court of Common Pleas of Philadelphia County, Criminal, at Nos. 1050-51, June Session, 1974. No. 1120 October Term, 1976, Appeal from the Judgment of Sentence of the Court of Common Pleas of Philadelphia County, Trial Division, Criminal Section, at 961 July Term, 1975.
John W. Packel, Assistant Public Defender, and Benjamin Lerner, Defender, Philadelphia, for appellant at No. 1116.
David S. Winston, Philadelphia, for appellant at No. 1120.
Steven H. Goldblatt and Deborah E. Glass, Assistant District Attorneys, and F. Emmett Fitzpatrick, District Attorney, Philadelphia, for Commonwealth, appellee.
Watkins, President Judge, and Jacobs, Hoffman, Cercone, Price, Van der Voort and Spaeth, JJ. Watkins, President Judge, dissents in both of these opinions.
[ 252 Pa. Super. Page 113]
In each of the above-captioned cases, this court issued an order remanding the case for the filing of post-verdict motions, nunc pro tunc. Commonwealth v. Walsh, 248 Pa. Super. 479, 375 A.2d 198 (1977); Commonwealth v. Cameron, 249 Pa. Super. 146, 375 A.2d 802 (1977). In an attempt to comply with these orders, the lower court filed with our prothonotary, two documents entitled "Report to Superior Court on Remand Order." In these reports, the lower court judge stated that written post-verdict motions had been submitted by each appellant and denied by the court prior to the filing date of each appeal. The judge, however, could not explain why these motions had not been included in the records.
It is well established that an appellate court may not consider matters unless they are duly certified in the record. E. g., Commonwealth v. Young, 456 Pa. 102, 317 A.2d 258 (1974). The necessity for including post-verdict motions in the record has been obvious at least since our supreme court's decision in Commonwealth v. Reid, 458 Pa. 357, 326 A.2d 267 (1974). The question now presented is whether we should demand strict compliance with our previous orders and remand these cases for the filing of post-verdict motions and proceedings thereon. We find this the most appropriate course of action.
Under the Act of May 19, 1897, P.L. 67, § 18 (12 P.S. § 1156), this court is empowered to issue writs of certiorari sur diminution of the record when the lower court "fails or neglects to certify or send the whole record. . . ." Rule 54 of the Rules of the Superior Court, which is applicable to the instant cases,*fn1 provides for the issuance of such a writ by this court sua sponte or upon motion of one of the
[ 252 Pa. Super. Page 114]
parties. When this court decided the instant cases, however, there was no indication in the record that post-verdict motions were filed and neither party petitioned this court in accordance with Rule 54. We decided the case based on the record before us. Although our research has revealed no case directly on point, we believe that Rule 54 has no applicability to a case once it has been remanded with specific instructions.
The responsibility for insuring that the record accurately reflects the proceedings before the lower court rests with the lower court and the parties. It is imperative that this court receive a ...