Appeals from the Order of the Court of Common Pleas of Allegheny County in case of John L. Miller, Katherine Miller Mercer and Elizabeth Miller v. Allegheny County Health Department and Juanita Hill, No. S.A. 816 of 1976.
James W. Carroll, Jr., for Juanita Hill.
Timothy W. Pawol, Special Assistant County Solicitor, with him Deborah Comay, Special Assistant County Solicitor, and Alexander J. Jaffurs, County Solicitor, for Allegheny County Health Department.
William H. Markus, with him Markus, Riethmuller & Smith, for John L. Miller, et al.
Judges Wilkinson, Jr. and Rogers, sitting as a panel of two. Opinion by Judge Wilkinson, Jr.
[ 32 Pa. Commw. Page 455]
This case arises under the provisions of the Act of January 24, 1966, (Act), P.L. (1965) 1534, as amended, 35 P.S. § 1700-1. The issue is whether the lower court properly ordered that funds paid into escrow by the appellant-tenant should be paid over to the appellees (landlords). We affirm the lower court.
The appellees' property was inspected by the appellant Allegheny County Department of Health (Department) on April 9 and 10, 1975. Numerous violations were found, both in the appellant-tenant's apartment, and in the common areas of the building. These violations amounted to 95 points*fn1 under the system utilized in the Department's Policies and Procedures for Rent Withholding and Housing Code Enforcement. Under that system, a total of 20 or more points renders the structure unfit for human habitation and qualifies the tenant for rent withholding. The certification date for the determination that the appellant-tenant's
[ 32 Pa. Commw. Page 456]
apartment was unfit was April 17, 1975, and it was on that date that the six month withholding period began to run.
The appellees' building was reinspected on October 31, 1975, to determine if it had been made fit for human habitation so as to entitle the landlord to the rent money that had been paid into escrow. Under the Department's Policies and Procedures a mere finding that the violations total less than 20 points will not necessarily entitle the landlord to the escrow money. Rather, there must also be a showing that all cited rent withholding violations have been substantially corrected, and there must not be any violations of major public health significance remaining. This latter standard, used to determine who is entitled to the escrow money, is clearly stricter than the standard employed to determine fitness for the initial certification. In the instant case, the appellees were held not to be entitled to the escrow money even though the point total for the October 31 inspection was only 14. The Department found that a violation of major public health significance remained, and, therefore, held the tenant could receive the escrow money.
The lower court held that the Department's regulations*fn2 clearly required that if the violations totaled less than 20 points the structure was fit for habitation, and, therefore, the landlord would be entitled to the escrow money. We do not agree with this reasoning. As noted earlier, the Department has clearly set a stricter standard for determining "fitness for human habitation" with respect to the return of escrow ...