No. 418 April Term, 1976, Appeal from the Order of the Court of Common Pleas of Blair County, Juvenile Division, at Case No. 112174-533.
James H. English, Assistant Public Defender, Altoona, for appellant.
Frederick B. Gieg, Jr., Assistant District Attorney, Altoona, submitted a brief for appellee.
Watkins, President Judge, and Jacobs, Hoffman, Cercone, Price, Van der Voort and Spaeth, JJ.
[ 250 Pa. Super. Page 55]
On December 17, 1975, the appellant appeared before the Juvenile Division of the Court of Common Pleas of Blair County and pleaded guilty to a charge of theft by unlawful taking. The lower court adjudicated the appellant a delinquent child and ordered, in part, that the appellant and his parents make restitution in the amount of seventy-five dollars to the complainant. The appellant argues that a juvenile court is without jurisdiction to order a delinquent child to pay restitution for a wilful, tortious act. We agree with this contention and reverse the order of disposition.
In two previous cases, we have held that a juvenile court may not order a delinquent child to pay restitution for a negligent act. Bollinger Appeal, 237 Pa. Super. 252, 352 A.2d 118 (1975); Trignani's Appeal, 148 Pa. Super. 142, 24 A.2d 743 (1942). We predicated our holding in both Bollinger and Trignani primarily upon a desire that a juvenile court strictly pursue its statutory mandate to rehabilitate a delinquent child.*fn1 As this court stated in Trignani :
"The original order was improper. In placing a juvenile on probation, a court undoubtedly may impose such terms as will bring home to the minor a realization of the seriousness of his delinquency. But the terms imposed must be wholly in the interest of the child, looking toward his reformation and not to make good the damages flowing from his illegal act. . . . [T]he order in itself indicates that reformation was not its primary purpose. By requiring the minor to make 'restitution through the court' to the injured woman, the court assumed jurisdiction to determine civil liability and to execute its finding. This is not a function of a juvenile court." Id. 148 Pa. Super. at 144-45, 24 A.2d at 744-45.
The Commonwealth notes that the instant damages, unlike those in Bollinger and Trignani, resulted from a wilful, not
[ 250 Pa. Super. Page 56]
negligent, act. The Commonwealth therefore contends that the underlying rationale of Bollinger and Trignani is not applicable to the present situation, asserting that the statute entitled "Liability for Acts"*fn2 impliedly authorizes a juvenile court to order a delinquent child to pay restitution for a wilful, tortious act. We reject this contention.
The "Liability for Acts" statute directs, inter alia, that a juvenile court may hold the parents of a minor child liable for damages resulting from that child's wilful, tortious conduct.*fn3 The statute, however, does not countenance an order by a juvenile court that a delinquent child pay restitution.*fn4 We reiterate that the sole function of a juvenile court is to seek the reformation of the youthful offender, not to punish him for his offense or to secure the satisfaction of civil damages.*fn5 Recently, in In Re: John Joseph Gardini, 243 Pa. Super. 338, 365 A.2d 1252 (1976), the members of this court unanimously ...