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decided: April 28, 1977.


Appeal from the Order of the Court of Common Pleas of Montgomery County in case of Raymond S. Kodish v. Spring-Ford Area School District, No. 75-11322.


Richard W. Rogers, with him Rogers, King & Cole, for appellant.

Malcolm Campbell, for appellee.

William Fearen, with him Michael I. Levin, and Cleckner & Fearen, for amicus curiae, Pennsylvania School Boards Association.

Judges Crumlish, Jr., Mencer, and Rogers, sitting as a panel of three. Opinion by Judge Rogers.

Author: Rogers

[ 29 Pa. Commw. Page 643]

The appellant, Raymond S. Kodish, a professional employee of the Spring-Ford Area School District,

[ 29 Pa. Commw. Page 644]

    was suspended from his teaching duties because of the curtailment of a program pursuant to Section 1124 of the Public School Code of 1949.*fn1 Mr. Kodish requested and was refused a hearing before the Board of School Directors, and his petition to the Court of Common Pleas of Montgomery County for an order requiring the Board to conduct a Local Agency Law*fn2 hearing was dismissed. Mr. Kodish appealed. We must reverse the order of the court below and remand the record.

After the briefs in this case were filed but before oral argument, we held in Fatscher v. Board of School Directors, Springfield School District, 28 Pa. Commonwealth Ct. 170, 367 A.2d 1130 (1977), that a professional employee suspended pursuant to section 1124 is entitled to a Local Agency Law hearing.

The School District nevertheless says that Fatscher is distinguishable because the cause for suspension there was a substantial decrease in pupil enrollment, an objective decision, while the cause for suspension here, curtailment of an educational program, is a policy decision exclusively within the province of the Board. Our research discloses that this Court has on at least one occasion entertained an appeal by a professional employee suspended because of the alteration of an educational program and who had been given a hearing by the Board. Gabriel v. Trinity Area School District, 22 Pa. Commonwealth Ct. 620, 350 A.2d 203 (1976). More to the point, however, President Judge Bowman in Fatscher wrote:

[ 29 Pa. Commw. Page 645]

Further, Section 1124 of the Code, by enumerating four reasons for the suspension of professional employes, does, in effect, grant the employes the right to be suspended for those reasons only. Cf. Kretzler v. Ohio Township, 14 Pa. Commw. 236, 322 A.2d 157 (1974). Moreover, Section 1125 of the Code grants employes subject to suspension a number of additional rights (including those relating to seniority and reinstatement) by prescribing the procedure by which suspended employes must be selected.

Without a hearing, the affected employes have no means of insuring: (1) that one of the reasons for suspension enumerated in Section 1124 does, in fact, exist; and (2) that the procedure prescribed in Section 1125 has been followed. It is precisely for the purpose of providing a procedure, where none otherwise exists, to enforce such rights that the Local Agency Law was enacted. Smith v. Board of School Directors of The Harmony Area School District, 16 Pa. Commw. 175, 177, 328 A.2d 883, 885 (1974); McKelvey v. Colonial School District, 22 Pa. Commw. 207, 348 A.2d 445 (1975); Kretzler, supra. Not surprisingly, the rights of professional employes suspended because of decreased enrollment have been the subject of a number of appeals to this Court originating from Local Agency Law proceedings.

The action of the Board in suspending the appellee was clearly a 'decision' or 'determination' affecting his 'personal or property rights' within the meaning of an 'adjudication' in Section 2 of the Local Agency Law. Pursuant to Section 4 of that statute, 53 P.S. ยง 11304, such

[ 29 Pa. Commw. Page 646]

    adjudication is not valid as to the appellee 'unless he shall have been afforded reasonable notice of a hearing and an opportunity to be heard.' Consequently, appellee had a clear right to a hearing, and the Board had a corresponding duty to provide one.

28 Pa. Commonwealth Ct. at 173, 367 A.2d at 1132.

Insofar as Streletz v. Shade-Central City School District, 30 Somerset 74 (1974), cited by the School District, differs from our views, it is, of course, disapproved.


And Now, this 28th day of April, 1977, it is ordered that the order of the court below be and it is reversed and that the record be and it is remanded for proceedings consistent herewith.


Reversed and remanded.

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