The opinion of the court was delivered by: DITTER
This is a civil rights action in which plaintiffs seek declaratory and injunctive relief and monetary damages against various officials of the Federal Bureau of Investigation and the Department of Justice. Presently before the court is the motion to dismiss Count II
of the amended complaint insofar as it claims money damages from various defendants sued in their individual capacities.
For the reasons that follow the motion will be granted.
Plaintiffs originally filed suit on October 27, 1971, naming as defendants then FBI Director J. Edgar Hoover, then Attorney General John N. Mitchell, and Joe D. Jamieson who at that time was the Special Agent in Charge of the Philadelphia FBI office. In the original complaint these defendants were sued in their official capacities only and the remedy sought was limited to declaratory and injunctive relief against the Bureau's alleged gathering of information concerning protected First Amendment activities of the plaintiffs. On December 9, 1975, plaintiffs were granted leave to amend their complaint. The amended complaint deleted Hoover, but added as defendants present FBI director Clarence M. Kelley and Attorney General Griffin Bell;
William C. Sullivan, former Assistant to the Director of the FBI; Roy K. Moore, Special Agent in Charge of the Jackson, Mississippi FBI office; James O. Ingram, Inspector-Deputy Assistant Director of the FBI; and Thomas Fitzpatrick, Special Agent of the FBI. With the exception of Kelley and Bell, all of the defendants in the amended complaint are sued in both their official and individual capacities and monetary damages as well as declaratory and injunctive relief are sought against them. The allegations of the original complaint have become Count I of the amended complaint.
The present motion to dismiss Count II pertains only to the claims against certain defendants in their individual capacities. The basis for this motion is that the court lacks personal jurisdiction over these defendants.
The plaintiffs concede that all of the defendants sued individually have been or will have to be
served with process outside the territorial boundaries of this state
but claim that service nonetheless was proper either under the Pennsylvania long-arm statute or 28 U.S.C. § 1391(e).
Treating plaintiffs' Section 1391(e) argument first, I join with the weight of authority in concluding that that statute does not apply where suit is brought against a federal official in his individual capacity. Relf v. Gasch, 167 U.S. App. D.C. 238, 511 F.2d 804, 807-08 nn. 15 & 18 (1975); Davis v. Federal Deposit Insurance Corp., 369 F. Supp. 277, 279 (D. Colo. 1974); Paley v. Wolk, 262 F. Supp. 640, 642-43 (N.D. Ill. 1965), cert. denied, 386 U.S. 963, 87 S. Ct. 1031, 18 L. Ed. 2d 112 (1967); see Green v. Laird, 357 F. Supp. 227, 229-30 (N.D. Ill. 1973); cf. Griffith v. Nixon, 518 F.2d 1195 (2d Cir.) cert. denied, 423 U.S. 995, 96 S. Ct. 422, 46 L. Ed. 2d 369 (1975); Natural Resources Defense Council v. Tennessee Valley Authority, 459 F.2d 255 (2d Cir. 1972); Liberation News Service v. Eastland, 426 F.2d 1379 (2d Cir. 1970).
Although Count II purports to seek redress in respect of
a Series of 'Counterintelligence Programs' intended to disrupt, misdirect, discredit or otherwise render ineffective the political activities of American citizens or citizen organizations who have been denominated by the FBI as 'Black Extremists' or 'New Left'.
allegations of that count relate primarily to activities directed against plaintiffs Muhammad and Mary Kenyatta which took place in and around Jackson, Mississippi, during 1968 and 1969. Plaintiffs have made no showing of how these activities had any connection with or impact in Pennsylvania. The only other specific allegation is contained in paragraph 33 of the complaint, which charges that certain (unnamed) defendants mailed political leaflets to plaintiff National Association of Black Students (NABS) for the purpose of disrupting its activities. But the complaint lists the NABS as being headquartered in Washington, D.C. and, again, there is no showing of how this activity impacted upon Pennsylvania.
Finally, plaintiffs' attempt to establish each individual defendant's forum-related contacts vicariously by alleging in broad, conclusory terms that all the acts recited in the complaint, no matter by whom (whether or not a named defendant) they may have been conducted, were part of a grand overall conspiracy must also fail. Kipperman v. McCone, 422 F. Supp. 860, 873 n. 14 (N.D. Cal. 1976); Socialist Workers Party v. Attorney General, supra. See also Lehigh Valley Industries, Inc. v. Birenbaum, 527 F.2d 87 (2d Cir. 1975).
For the reasons stated above, Count II of the complaint, insofar as it seeks relief against defendants Mitchell, Sullivan, Ingram, Moore, Jamieson and Fitzpatrick individually, will be dismissed for lack of personal jurisdiction.
[EDITOR'S NOTE: The following court-provided text does not appear at this cite in 430 F. Supp.]
AND NOW, this 31st day of March 1977, pursuant to Fed. R. Civ. Proc. 25(d)(1), it is hereby ordered that the Honorable Griffin Bell, Attorney General of the United States is substituted for Edward Levi, former Attorney ...