Duane, Morris & Heckscher, Ronald F. Kidd, Philadelphia, for appellant.
F. Emmett Fitzpatrick, Dist. Atty., Steven H. Goldblatt, Asst. Dist. Atty., Chief, Appeals Div., James Garrett, Philadelphia, for appellee.
Jones, C. J., and Eagen, O'Brien, Roberts, Pomeroy, Nix and Manderino, JJ.
Appellant Darrell McKelvie has been found guilty by a jury of murder in the first degree and related charges.*fn1 Post-trial motions were denied and he was sentenced to life imprisonment on the murder conviction. Appellant now appeals from that judgment of sentence, asserting three trial errors.*fn2 Finding no error, we will affirm.
The salient facts are as follows: On the evening of July 28, 1974, two males approached a group of teenagers clustered around the front of a dwelling in North Philadelphia. One of the two had a gun which he fired several times into the group before passing it on to his companion, who fired several more shots. As a result, one of the teenagers, Robert Henry Davis, was killed, and two others were injured. The police arrived promptly at the scene and questioned two witnesses to the incident -- Kevin Kreamer and Darwin Jones. From them the officers learned that the two gunmen were members of a local gang and were known respectively as "Crazy Earp" and "Little Man." These witnesses (as they later testified at the suppression hearing) were acquainted with the appellant, Darrell McKelvie, having seen him around the neighborhood on the basketball court or at the bus station; he was known to them as "Little Man" and as "Mutt." Their descriptions of McKelvie and Earp were broadcast to other police officers
in the vicinity, and, within a half-hour of the shooting, the two suspects were stopped by the police about two blocks from the scene of the crime and arrested. After a brief stop at the North Central Detective Unit, McKelvie and Earp were taken to a hospital to be identified by one of the persons who had been wounded, and thence to the Police Administration Building. There they were escorted, handcuffed, to a waiting room outside the Homicide Division office. Four witnesses to the shootings, including Darwin Jones, were then waiting in the same room. On seeing McKelvie and Earp passing through the room, Jones called out to the police officers, "They are the ones."
Appellant's principal defense at trial and the core of his argument before this Court is the inadequacy of the identifications on the basis of which the jury found him guilty. Appellant produced testimony at trial that his nickname was "Mutt"; that he had never been known in the neighborhood as "Little Man", but that another member of McKelvie's gang had been known by that soubriquet. Appellant's counsel argued that the witnesses who identified McKelvie in court must have been so confused as to mistake him for the person whose nickname was "Little Man." Appellant now contends, further, that none of the witnesses, at the time of the shooting, had enough time or light to observe the gunmen clearly. These facts are put forward primarily to support appellant's argument that there was no independent basis for the original identifications made by the witnesses who testified against him at trial, that those identifications are inextricably tainted by the allegedly inadmissible identifications made by Darwin Jones in the presence of other witnesses at the time of the waiting room confrontation and that, therefore, the in-court identifications by these witnesses should have been excluded. United States v. Wade, 388 U.S. 218, 87 S.Ct. 1926, 18 L.Ed.2d 1149 (1967).
The trial court, after hearing testimony on a motion to suppress identifications by these four witnesses, admitted only in-court identifications by those witnesses who had previously known the appellant.*fn3 Accordingly, we are now concerned only with the question of whether the identifications made by any of these four witnesses at trial had an independent basis to justify their admission. We agree with the trial judge that the prior contacts of the witnesses with McKelvie were sufficient for this purpose, distinguishable from the effects of any possible primary taint. United States v. Wade, supra; Commonwealth v. Brown, 462 Pa. 578, 342 A.2d 84 (1975); Commonwealth v. Rankin, 441 Pa. 401, 272 A.2d 886 (1971). Any discrepancies in the testimony of these witnesses about the name by which they knew the appellant went to the weight but not to the admissibility of their evidence. Commonwealth v. White, n. 3 supra.
McKelvie's second assignment of error is that the trial court committed an abuse of discretion in denying a continuance of trial requested by defense counsel to enable counsel to obtain a transcript of the suppression hearing testimony for use in cross-examining the witnesses at trial. Appellant has shown no prejudice to him resulting from the denial of this continuance and probably could not do so in view of the fact that the trial immediately followed the suppression hearing and ...