decided: January 12, 1977.
COMMONWEALTH OF PENNSYLVANIA, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION, BUREAU OF TRAFFIC SAFETY
JOSEPH STAFFORD, APPELLANT. COMMONWEALTH OF PENNSYLVANIA, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION, BUREAU OF TRAFFIC SAFETY V. WILLIAM J. PALO, APPELLANT
Appeals from the Order of the Court of Common Pleas of Philadelphia County in cases of Commonwealth of Pennsylvania v. Joseph Stafford, No. 909 August Term, 1975; and Commonwealth of Pennsylvania v. William J. Palo, No. 910 August Term, 1975.
Stanley A. Uhr, with him James D. Rosen, Walter Lazaroff, and Pechner, Dorfman, Wolffe & Rounick, for appellants.
John L. Heaton, Assistant Attorney General, with him Robert W. Cunliffe, Deputy Attorney General, and Robert P. Kane, Attorney General, for appellee.
Judges Mencer, Rogers and Blatt, sitting as a panel of three. Opinion by Judge Blatt.
[ 28 Pa. Commw. Page 158]
Joseph Stafford and William J. Palo bring separate appeals to this Court from an order of the Court of Common Pleas of Philadelphia County which upheld one-year suspensions of Stafford's Certificate of Appointment to operate a motor vehicle inspection
[ 28 Pa. Commw. Page 159]
station and of Palo's Certification as an Official Inspection Mechanic. These appeals relate to the same incident and have been consolidated before this Court.
After a hearing de novo on the Bureau of Traffic Safety's suspension orders, the lower court issued a memorandum opinion concluding that Stafford and Palo had violated Section 819(f) of The Vehicle Code*fn1 (Code) which then provided, in part:
(f) It shall be unlawful for any person to furnish, give or sell to any owner or operator of a motor vehicle, trailer or semi-trailer, or to any other person, or to place in or on any such vehicle a certificate of inspection and approval, unless an official inspection of its mechanism and equipment shall have been made, and the vehicle conforms with the provisions of this act. It shall be unlawful for any such designated official inspection station to furnish, loan, give or sell a certificate or certificates of inspection and approval to any other such designated official inspection station or any other persons, except those entitled to receive them under the provisions of this act.
[ 28 Pa. Commw. Page 160]
In cases in which the court of common pleas is the fact-finder, our scope of review is limited to a determination of whether or not the court based its findings of fact on substantial evidence or committed an error of law. Pennsylvania Department of Transportation, Bureau of Traffic Safety v. Kobaly, 22 Pa. Commonwealth Ct. 46, 347 A.2d 759 (1975). Although the court below failed to make specific findings and conclusions of law, as we have directed should be done in vehicle inspection cases, Pennsylvania Department Page 160} of Transportation, Bureau of Traffic Safety v. Verna, 23 Pa. Commonwealth Ct. 260, 351 A.2d 694 (1976), its opinion includes statements which constitute findings and we do not believe, therefore, that it is necessary here to remand. See Commonwealth v. Marini, 25 Pa. Commonwealth Ct. 207, 360 A.2d 263 (1976).
The charges of unlawfully furnishing motor vehicle inspection stickers arose from a State Police investigation which revealed that Herbert Watson, General Manager of Stafford's Auto Body, Inc., had affixed inspection certificates to three automobiles although he was not certified to do so. Watson admitted that without authorization from the owner, Joseph Stafford, or from the only certified mechanic, William Palo, he had taken the stickers and had instructed the secretary-bookkeeper to record their use on the official TS431 report form using Palo's initials. After Stafford was informed of this activity by the State Police, both Watson and the secretary-bookkeeper were dismissed.
Palo contends that he should not be held responsible for the unauthorized use of his initials and that the record contains no evidence to sustain a finding that he had illegally furnished certificates of inspection. The court below, however, accurately stated that "Palo admitted to a course of conduct in which he delegated to other persons the duty to record all information on the TS431 form" and properly concluded that by routinely permitting the secretary-bookkeeper to place his initials on the form Palo had violated Department of Transportation Regulations*fn2 and,
[ 28 Pa. Commw. Page 161]
further, that such actions constituted "improper and unlawful inspections in violation of Section 819(f)."*fn3 Palo's admitted failure to record all inspection information personally undoubtedly facilitated the unauthorized use of inspection stickers and reduced the chance that such use would be immediately discovered. We believe, therefore, that Palo's suspension here was proper.
Stafford argues that his Certificate of Appointment cannot be suspended for violations of the Code committed by his employes without his knowledge and cites the exculpatory language of Section 819(b) of the Code, 75 P.S. § 819(b):
Provided, however, That if the servant or employe of any such inspection station shall without the authorization, knowledge or consent of his employer, violate any of the provisions of this act in reference to the inspection of vehicles, such violation or violations shall not be the cause of the suspension of the certificate of appointment, as herein provided, but such
[ 28 Pa. Commw. Page 162]
employe shall be subject to prosecution as hereinafter provided.
A violation of Section 819(f) of the Code has been admitted and, therefore, the employer bears the burden of bringing himself within this exception. Commonwealth v. W. J. Harris and Son, 403 Pa. 598, 170 A.2d 591 (1961). The lower court determined that Stafford failed to meet this burden and found that he "knew or should have known" that a violation of the Code had occurred. Under Section 10.1(G) of the Regulations,*fn4 responsibility for inspection sticker security ultimately rests with the owner:
G. Inspection stickers must be kept under lock and key in a safe place. The station owner and/or operator is solely responsible for their safety and must be able to account for all stickers issued to their station.
It can be inferred, therefore, that Stafford, the owner-operator of the inspection station, failed to supervise the use of the company's allotment of stickers as he was required to do and that had he done so he would have known about their unauthorized use. Although the record contains no evidence on which the lower court could base a finding that he actually "knew" of the illegal activities, we believe that the court could properly conclude that Stafford "should have known" that Watson had unlawfully issued stickers. Furthermore, we are unpersuaded that Section 819(b) permits an owner-operator to escape liability for an act of his own general manager, particularly where the manager could not have stolen the inspection stickers without being discovered if the proprietor had conformed to the Regulations. The lower court made findings substantiated by the evidence, and we will not disturb its conclusions of law based on those findings.
[ 28 Pa. Commw. Page 163]
Under the circumstances, we believe that the suspension of Stafford's Certificate of Appointment and of Palo's Certification as an Official Inspection Mechanic were justified, and we affirm.
And Now, this 12th day of January, 1977, the suspension of Joseph Stafford's Certificate of Appointment and William Palo's Certification as an Official Inspection Mechanic are affirmed. The supersedeas orders of December 10, 1975 are herewith dissolved, and Joseph Stafford and William Palo are ordered to surrender the aforementioned certificates to the Department of Transportation, as ordered by the Director of the Bureau of Traffic Safety, for a period of one year.