Appeal from the Order of the Court of Common Pleas of Philadelphia County in case of Selby Battersby & Company v. Van Cor, Inc. and Aetna Casualty & Surety Company and Pennsylvania College of Podiatric Medicine and The General State Authority, No. 1693 April Term, 1974.
Michael A. Madar, Chief Counsel, with him Arnold L. Wainstein, Assistant Counsel, and Richard D. Holahan, Assistant General Counsel, for appellant.
Jerome Poltenstein, for appellees.
President Judge Bowman and Judges Crumlish, Jr., Wilkinson, Jr., Mencer, Rogers and Blatt. Judge Kramer did not participate. Opinion by Judge Rogers.
[ 27 Pa. Commw. Page 204]
The appellee, Van Cor, Inc., a builder, entered into a contract with the Pennsylvania College of Podiatric Medicine on January 28, 1971 to construct a building. On April 26, 1971, the appellee entered into a subcontract with the plaintiff below, Selby Battersby & Company, for the construction of certain flooring in the subject building. With the consent of Van Cor, Inc. the Pennsylvania College of Podiatric Medicine assigned its rights under the contract to the appellant, The
[ 27 Pa. Commw. Page 205]
General State Authority (GSA).*fn1 Selby Battersby & Company sued Van Cor, Inc. in assumpsit in the Court of Common Pleas of Philadelphia County seeking damages for improper performance. Van Cor, Inc. then sought to join the College and GSA as additional defendants by filing third party complaints against each. It seeks judgment against GSA in excess of $238,000 for money allegedly due it by contract and unpaid by GSA.
This is GSA's appeal from an order of the Common Pleas Court of Philadelphia County dismissing GSA's preliminary objections to Van Cor, Inc.'s complaint against GSA. GSA says that the Common Pleas Court of Philadelphia County has no jurisdiction because Section 4 of the Board of Arbitration of Claims Act*fn2 gives exclusive jurisdiction of all claims against the Commonwealth arising from contracts to the Board of Arbitration of Claims. We agree, as we have previously. Kreider v. Commonwealth, 9 Pa. Commonwealth Ct. 491, 308 A.2d 642 (1973).
"The Commonwealth of Pennsylvania is a sovereign entity and can be sued only as it consents to be." Alger-Rau & Associates, Inc. v. General State Authority, 7 Pa. Commonwealth Ct. 71, 73, 298 A.2d 916, 917 (1973). When waiving its immunity with respect to contracts, the Commonwealth created statutory limitations, one of which was the establishment of the Board of Arbitration of Claims as the forum for such suits. In the instant case, Van Cor, Inc. consented
[ 27 Pa. Commw. Page 206]
to the College's assignment of the contract to The General State Authority in an agreement which stated in part:
And the undersigned contractor hereby agrees that in the case of all questions and disputes arising between The General State Authority and the Contractor respecting any matter pertaining to said contract or any part thereof, or any breach of said contract arising thereunder, shall be determined by the Board of Arbitration of Claims created by Act No. 193, approved May 20, 1937, P.L. 728, 72 P.S. 4651, ...