The opinion of the court was delivered by: MCCUNE
This case was tried non jury on August 11, 1976. The issue is whether the defendant, a coal operator, should be required to pay the usual and customary royalties to the Trustees of the United Mine Workers of America Health and Retirement Trusts on the tenth day of each and every month or whether the defendant has some leeway in making the payments required by the National Bituminous Coal Wage Agreement of December 6, 1974. That agreement requires that each signatory operator shall pay royalties based upon hours worked and coal mined to the Trustees by the tenth of the month following production. (Article XX, § (d)(4)).
Paragraph (7) under Section (d) of the same article states that failure of an employer to make the required payments on the dates provided shall be deemed a violation of the Agreement. There is nothing ambiguous about the time when the payments are due.
The defendant, however, offered to prove that under the 1971 Agreement between the same parties, the Trustees had frequently accepted payments made after the due date (the 10th of the month) and thus, past practice had either estopped the Trustees from insisting on prompt payment or had created an ambiguity which should admit of testimony concerning the meaning of the contract.
We sustained objection to the offer of proof, deciding as a matter of law, that there was no estoppel and no ambiguity involved.
The defendant also offered to prove that its system of record keeping made it impossible to perform its obligation by the 10th of each month because railroad weights were its accepted proof of the quantity of coal mined and such weights were frequently not available until the 25th of each month or later.
We sustained objection to this offer as well, deciding that such evidence would not prove impossibility of performance in a legal sense since there were alternative methods of record keeping available.
Of course it was admitted that the hours worked by employees are available on a daily basis.
The defendant has paid the royalties due but he has been rather consistently late in making payments for the months beginning January, 1975, and continuing until July of 1976. The plaintiffs have calculated interest on late payments from the 10th of each month until the date payment has been received at the rate of 6% per annum. That calculation shows interest due of $6,430.71 which is claimed and which we find should be awarded.
In addition, costs of suit and attorneys' fees and the expenses of an audit have been claimed in the following amounts:
Costs of suit $195.53
Attorneys' fees for Pittsburgh
Attorneys' fees for house counsel
for the Funds 750.00
Travel expenses of house counsel 426.26
Costs of audit by an auditor
employed by the Funds 1,304.00
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