decided: May 14, 1976.
TYRONE AREA EDUCATION ASSOCIATION, APPELLANT
TYRONE AREA SCHOOL DISTRICT, APPELLEE
Appeal in case of In the Matter of Arbitration Between Tyrone Area School District and Tyrone Area Education Association, dated October 10, 1975.
Randall C. Rodkey, with him Abood, Rodkey & Eckel, for appellant.
John D. Thrush, with him Thomas H. Lane, and Morgan, Lewis & Bockius, for appellee.
President Judge Bowman and Judges Crumlish, Jr., Kramer, Wilkinson, Jr., and Blatt. Judges Mencer and Rogers did not participate. Opinion by Judge Crumlish, Jr. Judge Kramer did not participate in the decision in this case.
[ 24 Pa. Commw. Page 484]
The issue presented for our resolution is whether the teacher was a "substitute"*fn1 or "temporary professional employe."*fn2 If she were a "temporary professional employee," then admittedly the mandated procedure to suspend or dismiss her was not followed and the award of the
[ 24 Pa. Commw. Page 485]
arbitrator must be reversed. If she were a "substitute," then the arbitrator's award was correct and must be affirmed. After a careful review of the record, we must hold that she was a "substitute," and therefore must affirm the award of the arbitrator.
Lidian Pow (Grievant) was hired by the Tyrone Area School District (Appellee) as a full time substitute teacher to replace a permanent professional employe who was on education sabbatical. Tyrone Area Education Association (Appellant) contends that upon the resignation of the professional employe, for whom Grievant substituted, Grievant automatically achieved a status of a "temporary professional employe."
In Love v. Redstone Township School District, 375 Pa. 200, 100 A.2d 55 (1953), appellant, Love, who was an "elementary substitute teacher,"*fn3 sought a tenure contract as a "permanent professional employe" because she had taught continuously for more than two years. The late Justice Stearne, speaking for our Supreme Court, wrote:
"It is clear that the Legislature provided for two separate classifications to fill the positions created by the absence or leave of a professional employe. If the absence or leave were permanent then the position was to be filled by a temporary professional employe who later would be elevated to permanent status if found qualified. The vacancy which the Legislature intended a temporary professional employe to occupy is a position to which a teacher will not return. If there were no vacancy in this sense then this position was to be filled by a substitute." (Emphasis in original.)
[ 24 Pa. Commw. Page 486]
Here, we have an analogous situation. Grievant was elected by the School Board of Appellant to be a "full time substitute teacher" for the 1974-75 school term. At the time of her election, the vacancy which she was to occupy was a position to which the teacher was to return. This being so, there was no vacancy which a "temporary professional employe" could fill; consequently, a substitute was the appropriate classification. Love, supra.
Appellant would have us rewrite Grievant's contract in spite of the caveat in Love, "we will not curtail the efficient conduct of an educational program by interfering with the legitimate exercise of the sound discretion of a school board in the manner of filling vacancies." 375 Pa. at 206, 100 A.2d at 58. Appellant's employment cannot ripen into the status of a temporary professional employe. Therefore, we
And Now, this 14th day of May, 1976, the award of the arbitrator dated October 10, 1975, is affirmed and the appeal dismissed.
Judge Kramer did not participate in the decision in this case.