Appeal from order of Court of Common Pleas, Trial Division, of Philadelphia, Nos. 75-00-2355 and 75-03-0897, in case of Commonwealth of Pennsylvania v. Gregory Anderson.
John W. Packel, Assistant Defender, with him Benjamin Lerner, Defender, for appellant.
Daniel P. McElhatton, Assistant District Attorney, with him Mark Sendrow and Steven H. Goldblatt, Assistant District Attorneys, Abraham J. Gafni, Deputy District Attorney, and F. Emmett Fitzpatrick, District Attorney, for Commonwealth, appellee.
Watkins, P. J., Jacobs, Hoffman, Cercone, Price, Van der Voort, and Spaeth, JJ. Opinion by Watkins, P.j.
This is an appeal by the defendant-appellant, Gregory Anderson, after conviction of carrying a firearm without a license, carrying a firearm in a public place, and possession of an instrument of crime and prohibited offensive weapon. A petition to suppress the evidence was denied by the court below and he was sentenced to thirty (30) to sixty (60) days imprisonment. The court below refused his petition for certiorari to the Common Pleas Court and this appeal followed.
On March 8, 1975, two Philadelphia police officers received a call on their police radio that a Negro male named "Perry" was in a bar at 57th and Master Streets in Philadelphia and that the person was an escapee from a drug rehabilitation program. He was described as being five feet ten inches tall and wearing a dark coat. The caller also stated that he had a large bush hairstyle. Upon receiving this information the officers went to the Capri Bar at 57th and Master Streets and entered the premises through the rear door. After entering the
premises they observed a Negro male seated in the rear of the bar. The man had a large bush hairstyle and was wearing a dark coat. The officers then approached this individual and requested that he identify himself. Appellant replied that he was "Charles Hays." One of the policemen then told appellant to stand and as he did so the officer grabbed the right pocket of appellant's inner jacket and felt what he thought to be a gun. He then reached into appellant's pocket and removed a small pistol from it. Appellant was then searched thoroughly. Identification papers found on his person revealed him to be Gregory Anderson and not Charles Hays.
The sole issue raised in this appeal is whether the officers possessed sufficient probable cause to search the appellant when they did.
The Fourth Amendment to the United States Constitution prohibits unreasonable searches and seizures. It does not prohibit warrantless searches and seizures but does restrict the circumstances under which a warrantless arrest or seizure may be made. Therefore the reasonableness of searches must be determined on a case by case basis taking into consideration the facts and circumstances of each case. See, Commonwealth v. Bosurgi, 411 Pa. 56, 190 A.2d 304 (1963), cert. denied, 375 U.S. 910.
In the instant case, the police received information that an escapee from a drug rehabilitation program was present in a particular bar. They also had a description of the suspect stating that he was a Negro male, was 5 feet 10 inches in height, had a large bush haircut and was wearing a dark coat. Upon entering the particular bar the police observed a person who fit the description which they had been given. When he was interviewed the suspect gave a name different than the one with which the police had been provided. Under all of these circumstances the ...