decided: March 2, 1976.
UNEMPLOYMENT COMPENSATION BOARD OF REVIEW OF THE COMMONWEALTH OF PENNSYLVANIA
MADELINE E. MINIER, APPELLANT
Appeal from the Order of the Unemployment Compensation Board of Review in case of In Re: Claim of Madeline E. Minier, No. B-126500.
John M. Humphrey, for appellant.
Charles G. Hasson, Assistant Attorney General, with him Sydney Reuben, Assistant Attorney General, and Robert P. Kane, Attorney General, for appellee.
Judges Crumlish, Jr., Wilkinson, Jr. and Mencer, sitting as a panel of three. Opinion by Judge Wilkinson.
[ 23 Pa. Commw. Page 515]
This case is an appeal from the Unemployment Compensation Board of Review (Board) presenting for our determination the issue of whether an employer-employee relationship existed between claimant-appellant and the North Central Motor Club of South Williamsport, Pennsylvania. We must answer the issue in the affirmative.
On December 22, 1974, claimant-appellant filed a claim for special unemployment assistance benefits. At the time, she was engaged for approximately eight and one-half hours a week exclusively by the Motor Club as a telephone solicitor seeking club memberships. She generally called prospective members from her home, except for one evening each week when she operated from the office of the Motor Club, and was paid solely on a commission basis
[ 23 Pa. Commw. Page 516]
-- $5.00 for each membership sold. In successive determinations, the Bureau of Employment Security, a referee, and the Board found claimant-appellant to be self-employed and therefore ineligible for unemployment compensation under Section 402(h) of the Unemployment Compensation Law, Act of December 5, 1936, Second Ex. Sess., P.L. (1937) 2897, as amended, 43 P.S. § 802(h).*fn1 We disagree.
As correctly argued by claimant-appellant, this case is controlled by our decision in Laswick v. Unemployment Compensation Board of Review, 10 Pa. Commonwealth Ct. 356, 310 A.2d 705 (1973). There, a claimant for unemployment compensation worked for a company as a jewelry demonstrator and salesperson exclusively on a commission basis. Her duties were to persuade others to invite people to their homes where she would demonstrate and attempt to sell jewelry. She received training in her duties by a branch manager and was required to report her activities once a week. Her employment was solely at the will of the company. On those facts, we held that claimant was under sufficient control of the company to be considered an employee thereof, rather than a self-employed individual, for purposes of remaining eligible for unemployment compensation.
The instant case is factually similar to Laswick. Here, claimant-appellant worked on a commission basis; had duties to persuade others to become Motor Club members; was initially trained in telephone solicitations by an employee of the Motor Club; was required to report to the Motor Club one evening a week where she solicited memberships
[ 23 Pa. Commw. Page 517]
under the guidance of Club employees, thereby receiving continuous training; and was subject to termination at will by the Motor Club. Consequently, we must conclude, as we did in Laswick, that claimant-appellant was under control of the Motor Club adequate to establish her as an employee thereof for unemployment compensation purposes.
We reject the Board's contention that Laswick is presently distinguishable by the fact that claimant-appellant, in a written statement to the Bureau of Employment Security, characterized herself as an "independent agent" of the Motor Club. Whether a claimant is "self-employed" is a question of law to be determined by the compensation authorities initially and by the courts on review. It is not to be decided by a layman untrained in the legal niceties and ramifications attendant the term, "independent agent."
Accordingly, we enter the following
Now, March 2, 1976, the order of the Unemployment Compensation Board of Review, denying benefits to Madeline E. Minier, is hereby reversed and the record is remanded to the Board for proper calculation and award of benefits.
Reversed and remanded.