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COMMONWEALTH PENNSYLVANIA v. WVCH COMMUNICATIONS (02/11/76)

decided: February 11, 1976.

COMMONWEALTH OF PENNSYLVANIA, PENNSYLVANIA PUBLIC UTILITY COMMISSION
v.
WVCH COMMUNICATIONS, INC., A PENNSYLVANIA CORPORATION, APPELLANT. TOWNSHIP OF MIDDLETOWN, INTERVENING APPELLEE



Appeal from the Order of the Pennsylvania Public Utility Commission in case of In Re: Application of WVCH Communications, Inc., a Pennsylvania corporation, for a finding of necessity for the situation of a broadcasting tower and transmitter building on certain land known as the Sweeney Tract located at or near the intersection of Dutton's Mill Road and Harrison Road, in Middletown Township, Delaware County, Docket No. 98447.

COUNSEL

Joseph A. Damico, Jr., with him Fronefield, DeFuria and Petrikin, for appellant.

Alfred N. Lowenstein, Assistant Counsel, with him Peter W. Brown, Counsel, for appellee.

Thomas J. Beagan, Jr., with him Timothy B. Barnard, for intervening appellee.

President Judge Bowman and Judges Crumlish, Jr., Kramer, Wilkinson, Jr., Mencer, Rogers and Blatt. Opinion by Judge Kramer.

Author: Kramer

[ 23 Pa. Commw. Page 294]

This is an appeal by WVCH Communications, Inc. from an order of the Pennsylvania Public Utility Commission (PUC). The PUC's order denied WVCH's application for a decision holding that the construction of a broadcasting tower and transmitter building in Middletown Township was reasonably necessary for the convenience or welfare of the public, within the meaning of the Township's Zoning Ordinance and Section 619 of the Pennsylvania Municipalities Planning Code (MPC).*fn1 The PUC concluded that WVCH was not a public utility corporation, and that, therefore, the PUC lacked jurisdiction. We hold that WVCH is not a public utility corporation and affirm.

WVCH is a Pennsylvania corporation and the equitable owner of a broadcasting license issued by the Federal Communications Commission (FCC). The existing broadcasting station is located in the City of Chester, and, because of technical engineering and land use interference at its present location, WVCH seeks to relocate its broadcasting tower and transmitter building. It proposes to construct a 282 foot high tower on 10.281 acres of land in Middletown Township. WVCH is the equitable owner of the land under an agreement to sell dated November 30, 1973. The land is zoned R-1 and R-2 Residential and a radio tower is not a permitted use in either an R-1 or

[ 23 Pa. Commw. Page 295]

R-2 District. No efforts were made, either by the owners of the land or by WVCH, to seek approval of such a land use on the subject property, either under the subdivision ordinance or zoning ordinance of the municipality. Instead, WVCH filed an application with the PUC pursuant to Section 619 of the MPC*fn2 and Section 1200 of the Township's Zoning Ordinance.*fn3

The sole issue before us is whether WVCH, as a radio broadcasting company, is a "public utility corporation" under the provisions of Section 619 of the MPC and Section 1200 of the Township's Zoning Ordinance.*fn4 WVCH argues that the term "public utility corporation" in Section 619 of the MPC should not be strictly limited by the definition of public utility in the Public Utility Law.*fn5 WVCH urges us to hold that it is a "public utility

[ 23 Pa. Commw. Page 296]

    corporation" because it is licensed by the Federal Communications Commission and because it renders a ...


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