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UNEMPLOYMENT COMPENSATION BOARD REVIEW COMMONWEALTH PENNSYLVANIA v. W.R. GRACE COMPANY (02/06/76)

decided: February 6, 1976.

UNEMPLOYMENT COMPENSATION BOARD OF REVIEW OF THE COMMONWEALTH OF PENNSYLVANIA
v.
W.R. GRACE COMPANY, APPELLANT



Appeal from the Order of the Unemployment Compensation Board of Review in case of In Re: Claim of Warren J. Vogt, No. B-125052.

COUNSEL

Paul R. Ober, with him Edelman, Schaeffer, Saylor, Readinger and Poore, for appellant.

Daniel R. Schuckers, Assistant Attorney General, with him Sydney Reuben, Assistant Attorney General, and Robert P. Kane, Attorney General, for appellee.

Judges Kramer, Wilkinson, Jr., and Mencer, sitting as a panel of three. Opinion by Judge Wilkinson.

Author: Wilkinson

[ 23 Pa. Commw. Page 238]

The claimant was a technician for appellant, a position he had held for two years, on August 23, 1974, when his position was affected by a reduction of work force by the appellant. The technician position was classified by the employer as a grade 6 labor position at a pay rate of $4.25 per hour. Claimant was informed of his right to "bump" into a grade 5 position in another department within the Company at the pay rate of $3.85 per hour or a grade 4 position at $3.55 per hour within the same department in which he had been employed. Rather than exercise his option of bumping a lower level labor position, claimant accepted a voluntary layoff.

Claimant's application for unemployment compensation benefits was denied by the Bureau of Employment Security and, after a hearing, this denial was affirmed by the referee. Claimant appealed to the Unemployment Compensation Board of Review (Board) which remanded for the taking of additional testimony. Following a second hearing, the Board reversed the referee and granted benefits to the claimant.

Appellant contends that benefits should be denied on the basis of Section 402(b)(1) of the Unemployment Compensation Law, Act of December 5, 1936, Second Ex. Sess., P.L. (1937) 2897, as amended, 43 P.S. § 802(b)(1), (Law), which provides, in pertinent part:

"An employe shall be ineligible for compensation for any week --

"(b)(1) In which his unemployment is due to voluntarily leaving work without cause of a necessitous and compelling nature. . . ."

The crux of the question in the instant case is whether a grade 5 labor position was "suitable work" for the claimant. Suitable work is defined in Section 4(t) of the Law, 43 P.S. § 753(t):

[ 23 Pa. Commw. Page 239]

"'Suitable Work' means all work which the employe is capable of performing. In determining whether or not any work is suitable for an individual, the department shall consider the degree of risk involved to his health, safety and morals, his physical fitness, prior training and experience, and the distance of the available work from his residence. The department should also consider among other factors the length of time he has been unemployed and the reasons therefore, the prospect of obtaining local work in his customary occupation, his previous earnings, the prevailing condition of the labor market ...


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