Appeals from order of Court of Common Pleas, Criminal Division, of Allegheny County, Sept. T., 1974, Nos. 3946A and 3951A, in case of Commonwealth of Pennsylvania v. Faye Irish and Roberta Fiore.
Charles W. Johns and Robert L. Eberhardt, Assistant District Attorneys, John M. Tighe, First Assistant District Attorney, and John J. Hickton, District Attorney, for Commonwealth, appellant.
Jon C. Botula, for appellees.
Watkins, P. J., Jacobs, Hoffman, Cercone, Price, Van der Voort, and Spaeth, JJ. Opinion by Van der Voort, J.
[ 238 Pa. Super. Page 416]
This is an appeal by the Commonwealth from an Order of the lower court sustaining appellees' demurrers, which were offered at the conclusion of the Commonwealth's case in chief. The charges against appellees alleged their participation in the maintenance of an unlawful numbers operation and possession of numbers slips.
The Commonwealth clearly has the right to appeal the lower court's action in sustaining the demurrers, which purely involves a question of law. Commonwealth v. Bey, 221 Pa. Superior Ct. 405, 292 A.2d 519 (1972); Commonwealth v. Harris, 220 Pa. Superior Ct. 102, 283 A.2d 728 (1971). Simply stated, the reviewing court, in these circumstances, must determine whether the evidence presented by the Commonwealth, and all inferences to be reasonably deduced therefrom, would be sufficient to sustain a guilty verdict. Commonwealth v. Bey, supra; Commonwealth v. Mummert, 183 Pa. Superior Ct. 638, 133 A.2d 301 (1957). We believe, after reviewing the Commonwealth's evidence by that standard, that the demurrers were improperly sustained.
The record shows that officers obtained a valid search warrant for a residence believed to contain a telephone lottery or numbers operation. An informant had supplied the police with information to support the search warrant application. Inter alia, the informant advised police that when the residence was called, female voices would answer to complete the gambling transaction.
When the officers attempted to execute the warrant at the residence, appellee Faye Irish attempted to prevent entry by holding the door closed; simultaneously she shouted a warning that police were at the premises. Specifically, Irish repeatedly yelled: "Bobby, Bobby, police, police". An officer forced his way into the home and ascended to the second floor. He saw obvious numbers
[ 238 Pa. Super. Page 417]
paraphernalia*fn1 in one bedroom, and upon his approach, viewed appellee Roberta Fiore trying to crawl into a closet. After the first officer's entry into the home, appellee Irish had locked the front door in attempts to preclude the entry of other officers; she now again attempted to obstruct the first officer from entering the bedroom in which the lottery paraphernalia existed and in which Fiore was apparently trying to hide. The appellees were the only persons in the residence at the time.*fn2
After entering the bedroom in question, officers found a purse belonging to appellee Fiore next to one of the tables and appellee Irish's purse at the other table. The latter purse contained numbers slips and money. Secreted elsewhere in the room was more gambling paraphernalia and two thousand dollars in one hundred dollar bills. While they were in the room, the officers answered the telephone and heard calls for numbers bets. In the opinion of an officer who testified, based upon his considerable experience in enforcement of gambling laws, the operation at the residence constituted a numbers "bank." Moreover, the defense stipulated that it constituted a lottery operation.*fn3
As previously stated, the appellees were charged with participation in the maintenance of a lottery or numbers operation and possession of numbers tickets. In view of the obvious numbers operation in progress in the ...