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FEILKE v. GOVERNOR

January 7, 1976

William FEILKE, Prisoner, State Correctional Institution, Graterford, Pennsylvania
v.
GOVERNOR, STATE OF NEW JERSEY, et al.



The opinion of the court was delivered by: FULLAM

 FULLAM, District Judge.

 Plaintiff's complaint must be dismissed for failure to state a claim upon which relief may be granted. Simply stated, it is a well-settled principle of law that a prisoner does not have a constitutional right to receive notice of, and participate in, extradition proceedings. U.S. ex rel. Fort v. Meiszner, 319 F. Supp. 693 (N.D.Ill. 1970). My research has failed to disclose a single case in which a court has held that extradition proceedings are subject to judicial review on constitutional grounds. In fact, the Supreme Court has held that there is no violation of a criminal defendant's constitutional rights when a prosecuting state by-passes the asylum state's extradition procedures by "forcibly abducting" the criminal defendant from the asylum state. Ker v. Illinois, 119 U.S. 436, 7 S. Ct. 225, 30 L. Ed. 421 (1886); Frisbie v. Collins, 342 U.S. 519, 72 S. Ct. 509, 96 L. Ed. 541 (1952). Since it appears that there has been no violation of plaintiff's constitutionally protected rights, this Court is without jurisdiction to grant the declaratory and injunctive relief requested.

 However, since the plaintiff is proceeding pro se, the Court directs his attention to the provisions of ยง 10 of the Pennsylvania Uniform Extradition Act, 19 P.S. 191.10, which provides that:

 
"No person arrested upon [a detainer warrant] shall be delivered over to the agent whom the executive authority demanding him shall have appointed to receive him unless he shall first be taken forthwith before a judge of a court of record in this State who shall inform him of the demand made for his surrender and of the crime with which he is charged and that he has a right to demand and procure legal counsel, and, if the prisoner or his counsel shall state that he or they desire to test the legality of his arrest, the judge of such court of record shall fix a reasonable time to be allowed him within which to apply for a writ of habeas corpus. When such writ is applied for, notice thereof and of the time and place of hearing thereon shall be given to the prosecuting officer of the county in which the arrest is made and which the accused is in custody and to the said agent of the demanding state."

 Section 10 of the Uniform Extradition Act guarantees that every state prisoner, prior to extradition, has a full opportunity to challenge his extradition, including the opportunity to file for and be heard on a petition for habeas corpus. Admittedly, under the provisions of the statute, notice of an outstanding detainer warrant need not be given until the arrestee is presented to a judge of a court of record prior to extradition. However, no injury necessarily flows from this delay, since the statute specifically provides that an arrestee may immediately petition for state habeas corpus relief after examining the Commonwealth's extradition documents. This approach makes sense, since it is only after examination of these documents that it becomes possible to evaluate the likelihood of successfully challenging the legality of the proposed extradition. Commonwealth v. Bell, 222 Pa.Super. 190, 293 A.2d 74 (1972). *fn1"

 Notwithstanding the availability of a statutory remedy under Pennsylvania law, the fact remains that the plaintiff has failed to allege the violation of a constitutionally protected right. Accordingly, the complaint must be dismissed ...


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