Appeal from the Order of the Workmen's Compensation Appeal Board in case of Anthony M. DeCusatis v. City of Hazleton and Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, No. A-69270.
Joseph A. Murphy, with him Anthony J. Piazza, John R. Lenahan, and Lenahan, Dempsey & Murphy, for appellant.
Thomas J. Sharkey, with him Joseph J. Ustynoski, Thomas J. Carlyon, Falvello, Ustynoski, Giuliani & Bernstein, and James N. Diefenderfer, for appellees.
David A. Ody, Assistant Attorney General, for amicus curiae, Commonwealth.
President Judge Bowman and Judges Kramer and Mencer, sitting as a panel of three. Opinion by Judge Kramer.
[ 21 Pa. Commw. Page 523]
This is an appeal by the City of Hazleton from an order of the Workmen's Compensation Appeal Board, which affirmed an order of the referee granting workmen's compensation benefits to Anthony M. DeCusatis. We must remand this case because the Board erred as a matter of law by awarding benefits under the Pennsylvania Workmen's Compensation Act*fn1 when DeCusatis had filed a claim for benefits under the Pennsylvania Occupational Disease Act.*fn2
Although DeCusatis filed a claim petition for benefits under the Occupational Disease Act, both the referee and the Board awarded benefits under the Workmen's Compensation Act. Both the referee and the Board erred.
Victims of occupational diseases are now permitted, in certain cases, to seek benefits under the Workmen's Compensation Act,*fn3 but that Act and the Occupational Disease Act remain separate and distinct statutes.*fn4 An
[ 21 Pa. Commw. Page 524]
employe may seek benefits under either statute or under both in the alternative.*fn5 The decision to seek benefits under one statute or the other belongs to the claimant, and neither a referee nor the Board may unilaterally change a claim under one statute to a claim under the other. A claimant would, of course, be permitted to amend his own claim petition.*fn6
DeCusatis' petition in this case makes claim under the Occupational Disease Act only, and, therefore, the sole issue involved is whether DeCusatis is eligible for benefits under that statute. We hold that the referee and the Board erred by awarding benefits under the Workmen's Compensation Act.
It is tempting to decide this case on its merits, but this Court is without jurisdiction because appeals from the Board under the Occupational Disease Act must be taken to a court of common pleas.*fn7 This matter must be remanded to the Board for a proper determination under the Occupational Disease Act, after which either or both ...