decided: October 28, 1975.
AREL REALTY CORPORATION
MEYERS BROS. PARKING CORP., APPELLANT
Appeal from order of Court of Common Pleas, Trial Division, of Philadelphia, Jan. T., 1973, No. 1513, in case of Arel Realty Corporation v. Meyers Bros. Parking Corp.
Alan C. Gershenson, with him Marvin Comisky, and Blank, Rome, Klaus & Comisky, for appellant.
Samuel P. Lavine, and Steinberg, Greenstein, Gorelick & Price, submitted a brief for appellee.
Watkins, P. J., Jacobs, Cercone, Price, Van der Voort, and Spaeth, JJ. (Hoffman, J., absent). Opinion by Cercone, J. Hoffman, J., did not participate in the consideration or decision of this case.
[ 237 Pa. Super. Page 88]
This is an appeal from the order of the court below granting the plaintiff-appellee, Arel Realty Corp., a declaratory judgment. For the reasons set forth below, we reverse and remand.
On January 10, 1973, the appellee filed a petition for a declaratory judgment under the Uniform Declaratory Judgments Act.*fn1 That petition requested the court declare that, under the provisions of a long-term lease between the parties, the appellant (lessee) was not entitled to reduce the amount of its rent by taking as a credit the use or occupancy tax it paid to the School District of Philadelphia. The appellant responded on February 21, 1973, by filing preliminary objections in the nature of a demurrer and a supporting memorandum of law. On March 5, 1973, the appellee filed a memorandum of law in support of its petition for declaratory judgment. Apart from the final order from which the instant appeal was
[ 237 Pa. Super. Page 89]
lodged, no other relevant entries appear on the lower court's docket. This fact is crucial in view of the other events that transpired.
The docket does not reveal that in May of 1973, the appellee filed a supplementary brief and an application for permission to amend its petition for declaratory judgment.*fn2 The appellant then countered with an additional memorandum of law in which it opposed the application to amend and renewed its preliminary objections. On June 4, 1973, and again on December 12, 1974, the lower court entertained arguments on the application to amend and on the preliminary objections as applied to both the original petition and the amended petition. On December 19, 1974, the lower court granted declaratory judgment and the instant appeal followed.
Appellant contends the lower court erred when it granted declaratory judgment to the appellee notwithstanding the fact that appellant was never afforded the opportunity to file a factual answer to either the petition for declaratory judgment or the amended petition for declaratory judgment. We agree.
The Act of May 22, 1935, P.L. 228, 12 P.S. §§ 847-853, supplementing the Uniform Declaratory Judgments Act of June 18, 1923, P.L. 840, 12 P.S. §§ 831-846, defines the procedure to be followed whenever a petition for a declaratory judgment is filed. Section 5 of the supplemental act, 12 P.S. § 851, states:
"A defendant may by his answer, without first replying to the averments of fact in the petition, raise any question of law which goes either to the jurisdiction of the court or to petitioner's legal right to have the disputed matter determined in this character of proceeding, and any such question of law may be set down for hearing and disposed of in limine. If in the
[ 237 Pa. Super. Page 90]
opinion of the court, the decision of the question, thus set for hearing, requires the determination against the petitioner of the point or points raised, the court may make such order thereon, as the situation demands. If the court shall decide such points so raised against a defendant, he may within fifteen days, file an answer to the averments of fact in the petition, and the case shall be set down for a hearing on the merits of the controversy."
In Melnick v. Melnick, 147 Pa. Superior Ct. 564 (1942), we recognized that the questions of law contemplated by the above section are typically raised by filing preliminary objections. We further noted that this course of action is similar to a demurrer. Melnick, supra. In the case at bar, appellant filed preliminary objections which challenged the appellee's petition on the grounds that it failed to state a claim upon which relief could be granted. In short, the preliminary objections were the equivalent of a demurrer. By filing these objections in the nature of a demurrer all the appellant did was to admit the facts for the sole purpose of testing the legal sufficiency of the challenged pleading; the effect is that even if the facts set forth be true they do not constitute a legal claim, or defense to the claim, as the case may be. Dippel v. Brunozzi, 365 Pa. 264, 269 (1950).
Instantly, the lower court once having overruled the preliminary objections should have then directed the appellant to file an answer within fifteen days to the factual averments raised in the appellee's petition. 12 P.S. § 851, supra. The lower court, however, adjudicated the entire controversy between the parties. In so doing the court was clearly in error. At that stage in the proceedings, that is, in passing upon the points raised by appellant's preliminary objections in the nature of a demurrer, "the court is not concerned with the question whether plaintiff is right in a controversy, but only with whether he is entitled to a declaration of rights with
[ 237 Pa. Super. Page 91]
respect to the matters alleged." 22 Am. Jur. 2d, Declaratory Judgments § 91 (1965).
The action by the lower court was especially prejudicial in light of the respective positions assumed by the parties below. The appellee contended that the lease in question was ambiguous and that, among other things, the prior conduct of the parties supported its interpretation of the lease.*fn3 The appellant, on the other hand, argued that the lease was unambiguous.*fn4 We hold that the appellant should have been afforded the opportunity to explain or deny the appellee's factual averments.
Accordingly, the order of the lower court is reversed and the record is ordered to be remanded, with leave to the appellants to file an answer to the averments of fact within fifteen days following the return of the record, and for such further proceedings as prescribed by the Act of May 22, 1935, P.L. 228, 12 P.S. §§ 843-857.
Order reversed and record remanded.