Appeal from judgment of sentence of Court of Common Pleas of Dauphin County, No. 2417 of 1972, in case of Commonwealth of Pennsylvania v. Sylvester Griffin.
Philip D. Freedman, Assistant Public Defender, for appellant.
Marion E. MacIntyre and Edwin W. Frese, Deputy District Attorneys, and LeRoy S. Zimmerman, District Attorney, for Commonwealth, appellee.
Watkins, P. J., Jacobs, Hoffman, Cercone, Price, Van der Voort, and Spaeth, JJ. Opinion by Van der Voort, J. Dissenting Opinion by Hoffman, J. Cercone and Spaeth, JJ., join in this dissenting opinion.
[ 236 Pa. Super. Page 345]
The appellant, Sylvester Griffin, files this direct appeal (nunc pro tunc) following his conviction and sentencing on charges of rape. He raises two claims of error.
First, Griffin claims that reversible error occurred at his trial when a police officer testified he knew the defendant "professionally." He argues that such testimony imparted an impermissible inference of prior criminal conduct to the jury. This claim has no merit.
The record shows the following colloquy (upon which appellant raises his initial claim of error):
"DISTRICT ATTORNEY: Do you know the Defendant, Sylvester Griffin?"
"ARRESTING OFFICER: I have had acquaintance with him professionally."
In Commonwealth v. Allen, 448 Pa. 177, 292 A.2d 373 (1972), a case involving reference to police pictures of the accused, our Supreme Court noted that the appellate court must be convinced that the testimonial reference by the witness carries the inference of prior criminal activity. We find that the officer's statement, even when considered alone, does not create the prohibited implications.
In Allen, supra, the court also held that the whole record must be reviewed to see if the alleged suggestion of past activity might be nullified by other testimony. In the instant case, the officer was asked on cross-examination by the defense, "What is it that makes you recall seeing him that particular day?" The officer replied: "Well, I had seen him downtown many times, as I said before." This testimony would have aided in the removal of any inference of prior crimes which might have allegedly been construed ...