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WORKMEN'S COMPENSATION APPEAL BOARD COMMONWEALTH PENNSYLVANIA AND RHODA M. TYSON v. ADLEY EXPRESS CO. AND TRAVELERS INSURANCE CO. (07/14/75)

decided: July 14, 1975.

WORKMEN'S COMPENSATION APPEAL BOARD OF THE COMMONWEALTH OF PENNSYLVANIA AND RHODA M. TYSON, WIDOW OF RAYMOND A. TYSON, DECEASED, APPELLEES,
v.
ADLEY EXPRESS CO. AND TRAVELERS INSURANCE CO., INSURANCE CARRIER, APPELLANTS



Appeal from the Order of the Workmen's Compensation Appeal Board in case of Rhoda M. Tyson, Widow of Raymond A. Tyson, v. Adley Express Co., No. A-68334.

COUNSEL

Joseph J. Murphy, with him Murphy, Murphy & Murphy, for appellants.

Gerald J. Haas, with him James N. Diefenderfer, for appellees.

Judges Wilkinson, Jr., Mencer and Blatt, sitting as a panel of three. Opinion by Judge Blatt.

Author: Blatt

[ 20 Pa. Commw. Page 252]

In this Workmen's Compensation appeal, the employer, Adley Express Co., and its insurance carrier, Travelers Insurance Co. (appellants) allege that the referee capriciously disregarded competent evidence in awarding death benefits to Mrs. Rhoda M. Tyson, the claimant.

On April 10, 1967 Raymond A. Tyson, the claimant's deceased husband, was injured when he fell from a fork-lift truck which he was operating in the course of his employment.

[ 20 Pa. Commw. Page 253]

As a result of the fall he sustained injuries to his head and left leg and he was immediately taken to a hospital. He died eight days later as a direct result of a cerebral vascular accident (stroke) and a myocardial infarction (heart attack). The referee found that both the stroke and heart attack were causally related to the fall, a work-related accident under the Workmen's Compensation Act.*fn1 The claimant was, therefore, awarded death benefits. The Workmen's Compensation Appeal Board (Board) affirmed and this appeal followed.

In a workmen's compensation case where the referee has found in favor of the party bearing the burden of proof and the Board has affirmed without taking additional evidence, our review is limited to a determination of whether constitutional rights were violated, an error of law was committed, or necessary findings of fact were supported by sufficient competent evidence. Leroy Roofing Company v. Workmen's Compensation Appeal Board, 15 Pa. Commonwealth Ct. 396, 327 A.2d 876 (1974). It is when the Board has found against the party bearing the burden of proof that we review to determine whether or not the findings can be sustained without a capricious disregard of competent evidence. Ney v. Workmen's Compensation Appeal Board, 15 Pa. Commonwealth Ct. 381, 327 A.2d 402 (1974). Inasmuch as the referee here found for the claimant, the party bearing the burden of proof, we must review the record to see whether or not the referee's finding that the death was causally related to the fall was supported by sufficient competent evidence. We believe that it was.

Dr. Frank Glauser, a board certified pathologist, appeared and testified on behalf of the claimant to the effect that there were changes in the decedent's brain compatible with a clinical trauma to the head. He concluded that

[ 20 Pa. Commw. Page 254]

    the blow to the decedent's head sustained in his fall produced spasms of the blood vessels which dislodged plaque from their walls causing a vessel blockage resulting in paralysis and death. He based his testimony upon hospital records and a post-mortem report made after an autopsy was performed upon the decedent, and such records, we believe, clearly provided a competent base for the testimony offered. Scannella v. Salerno Importing Company, 2 Pa. Commonwealth Ct. 11, 275 A.2d 907 (1971). The employer, on the other hand offered the testimony of Dr. M. E. Aaronson, a forensic pathologist, who performed the post-mortem examination of the decedent and who testified that the trauma did not cause the death. It is well settled, of course, that the positive testimony of a qualified expert pathologist that an employment injury is related to an employee's death is sufficient to support a finding of such causation by the referee in spite of contradictory testimony by other equally competent ...


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