decided: June 24, 1975.
Appeal from judgment of sentence of Court of Common Pleas, Criminal Division, of Allegheny County, June T., 1972, No. 5178, in case of Commonwealth of Pennsylvania v. William "Bubba" Henderson.
Vincent C. Murovich, Jr., with him Murovich, Reale & Fossee, for appellant.
Geoffrey Paul Wozman, Assistant Attorney General, with him Israel Packel, Attorney General, for Commonwealth, appellee.
Watkins, P. J., Jacobs, Hoffman, Cercone, Price, Van der Voort, and Spaeth, JJ. Opinion by Hoffman, J. Van der Voort, J., concurs in the result. Watkins, P.j., and Jacobs, J., dissent.
[ 234 Pa. Super. Page 499]
Appellant contends that the revocation of his probation did not comport with the due process requirements set forth by the United States Supreme Court in Gagnon v. Scarpelli, 411 U.S. 778, 93 S. Ct. 1756 (1973), and Morrissey v. Brewer, 408 U.S. 471, 92 S. Ct. 2593 (1972).
A probation revocation hearing was held on July 3, 1974, to determine whether appellant had violated two conditions of his probation: appellant allegedly changed his address without receiving prior written permission of his probation agent and allegedly travelled outside the Commonwealth without written permission. The Commonwealth's
[ 234 Pa. Super. Page 500]
evidence was supplied by Leo Lubowy, Jr., a Commonwealth parole officer. Mr. Lubowy's testimony may be summarized as follows: On August 22, 1973, pursuant to a plea bargain, appellant pleaded guilty to possession of narcotics and to a violation of the Uniform Firearms Act. Sentence was suspended on the narcotics charge, but a probation term of two and one-half years was imposed on the firearms violation. On February 28, 1974, appellant requested permission to stay in Passaic, New Jersey, from March 2, 1974, until March 16, 1974. Permission was granted with the specific instruction that appellant notify his probation agent immediately upon his return. When appellant failed to do so, a search was begun.
Appellant's probation agent attempted to contact appellant at his approved residence on three occasions, but each time he observed that the apartment was vacant. The agent did not hear from appellant until his monthly report was received on May 10, 1974. This report listed appellant's residence at a new address in Elizabeth Township. The agent attempted to contact appellant at this address, but was unable to locate the residence. The Chief of Police of Elizabeth Township advised the agent that the address did not exist.
On June 11, 1974, a parole agent was informed by the Elizabeth, New Jersey police that appellant was in their custody. Appellant's probation agent was notified, and on June 12, 1974, he contacted the sentencing judge and a bench warrant was issued. Appellant waived extradition and was returned to Pennsylvania on June 26, 1974, where he was confined to the Allegheny County Jail.
Appellant presented evidence in an attempt to prove that his technical violations were justified. In regard to the charge of changing address without prior permission, appellant testified that he could no longer pay the rent on his present apartment and, therefore, moved to his sister's
[ 234 Pa. Super. Page 501]
residence. He stated that he contacted the authorities and informed them of the change in address. In regard to the charge of travelling outside the Commonwealth without permission, appellant, his sister, and his father, all testified that another of appellant's sisters suffered a medical emergency on June 7, 1974, and that appellant went to New Jersey because his brother-in-law wanted a member of the immediate family to be present.
At the close of the evidence, appellant's counsel requested the court "to consider these violations in a technical light." The judge, who had originally imposed the probation, stated: "Mr. Henderson received the benefit of the indulgence of the Court . . . when the Court accepted a plea bargain . . . [At that time] I indicated . . . my reluctance to accept the plea bargain which did not include some period of incarceration, particularly in view of the second count of the indictment, which involved carrying a concealed deadly weapon . . . . At that time I imposed a term of probation, which probation has been violated and I don't think that the circumstances are such that a further indulgence by the Court is justified." The court revoked the probation and imposed a sentence of one to two years' imprisonment.
[ 234 Pa. Super. Page 502]
We recently undertook a thorough analysis of the process due an alleged probation violator. Commonwealth v. Davis, 234 Pa. Superior Ct. 31, 336 A.2d 616 (1975). The United States Supreme Court has mandated that every alleged parole or probation violator be afforded a two-step procedure: "'[A] parolee is entitled to two hearings, one a preliminary hearing at the time of his arrest and detention to determine whether there is probable cause to believe that he has committed a violation of his parole [the Gagnon I hearing], and the other a somewhat more comprehensive hearing prior to the making of a final revocation decision.' [the Gagnon II hearing] Gagnon v. Scarpelli, supra, at 781-82." Commonwealth v. Page 502} Davis, supra at 39, 336 A.2d at 620. At the "preliminary" hearing, the probationer is entitled to notice of the alleged violations, an opportunity to appear and present evidence in his own behalf, a conditional right to confront adverse witnesses, an independent decision maker, and a written report of the hearing. The actual revocation hearing affords the probationer additional safe-guards: "Our task is limited to deciding the minimum requirements of due process. They include (a) written notice of the claimed violations of parole; (b) disclosure to the parolee of evidence against him; (c) opportunity to be heard in person and to present witnesses and documentary evidence; (d) the right to confront and cross-examine adverse witnesses (unless the hearing officer specifically finds good cause for not allowing confrontation); (e) a 'neutral and detached' hearing body such as a traditional parole board, members of which need not be judicial officers or lawyers; and (f) a written statement by the fact-finders as to the evidence relied on and reasons for revoking parole." Morrissey v. Brewer, supra, at 488-489. (Emphasis added).
In the present case, appellant contends that the only hearing he was afforded was the actual revocation hearing conducted on July 3, 1974. In its brief, the Commonwealth contends that a preliminary hearing was conducted at the Allegheny County Jail on June 28, 1974, two days after appellant's return to Pennsylvania. There is no evidence of record, however, to support the Commonwealth's assertion. In its opinion, the lower court states that "[w]hen [appellant] was returned to this jurisdiction . . . the sentencing judge set a date for a probation violation hearing and appellant and his counsel were informed of the date. The court, in fact, had a telephone conversation with counsel for appellant in which the subject of setting bond was discussed, as well as the nature of the probation violation charge."
[ 234 Pa. Super. Page 503]
It is clear that the July 3, 1974 hearing afforded appellant far more due process safeguards than the United States Supreme Court has required for the "preliminary" hearing. Thus, the revocation proceeding represented a " Gagnon I " hearing. As the lower court's opinion indicates, however, appellant never received written notice of the claimed violations of probation. Thus, the hearing cannot constitute a " Gagnon II " hearing. In this regard, the instant case is virtually identical to Commonwealth v. Alexander, 232 Pa. Superior Ct. 57, 331 A.2d 836 (1974), in which we reversed and remanded because appellant did not receive written notification. As was held in Alexander, appellant cannot be held to have waived this issue by failing to object at the revocation hearing.
The judgment of sentence is reversed and the case remanded with instructions to hold a new probation violation hearing.
Judgment of sentence reversed and case remanded.
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