Appeal from the Order of the Unemployment Compensation Board of Review in case of In Re: Claim of Bessie M. Baker, No. B-121568.
Ronald B. Hamilton, with him Robert E. Walton, and Walton & Hamilton, for appellant.
Daniel R. Schuckers, Assistant Attorney General, with him Sydney Reuben, Assistant Attorney General, and Robert P. Kane, Attorney General, for appellee.
President Judge Bowman and Judges Crumlish, Jr. and Mencer, sitting as a panel of three. Opinion by Judge Crumlish, Jr.
[ 18 Pa. Commw. Page 504]
This is a direct administrative appeal from an order of the Unemployment Compensation Board of Review (Board) finding Bessie M. Baker (Appellant) unavailable for suitable work, and thus ineligible for unemployment compensation under Section 401(d) of the Unemployment Compensation Law, Act of December 5, 1936, Second Ex. Sess., P.L. (1937) 2897, as amended, 43 P.S. § 801(d).
Appellant was last employed for a period of more than five years as a micro-photography machine operator by the Marine Corps Supply Activity at a wage of $4.79 per hour. On October 15, 1973, she terminated this employment on the advice of her physician because she was suffering from hypertension and an allergy associated with ammonia used in photograph processing. The physician
[ 18 Pa. Commw. Page 505]
recommended that Appellant seek other work not requiring standing or heavy lifting, and that she work no more than fifteen hours or three days a week. Appellant requested lighter work from her employer, but was informed that there was nothing available considering her physical limitations and prior training. On October 15, 1973, Appellant was granted a disability retirement and is now eligible for a federal disability pension.*fn1
Appellant filed for unemployment compensation on October 21, 1973. The Bureau of Employment Security determined that Appellant was ineligible under Section 402(b)(1), 43 P.S. § 802(b)(1), because her voluntary termination was not for cause of a necessitous and compelling nature. A referee affirmed the Bureau's Section 402(b)(1) determination, and also found Appellant ineligible under Section 401(d), 43 P.S. § 801(d), because her physical condition rendered her unable and unavailable for suitable work. On appeal, the Board remanded the case to a referee acting as a Board hearing officer for further testimony relative to Appellant's ineligibility under Section 402(b)(1). On May 3, 1974, the Board reversed the referee's section 402(b)(1) determination, but affirmed Appellant's ineligibility under Section 401(d). This appeal followed, and we affirm.
[ 18 Pa. Commw. Page 506]
The sole issue for our review is whether the Board erred in finding Appellant unavailable for suitable work within the meaning of Section 401(d) because her physical limitations restricted her to light work for no more than fifteen hours a week. Essentially, this question involves the interrelationship between the physical disability which would ordinarily render a claimant's voluntary termination for cause of a necessitous and compelling nature under Section 402(b)(1), and the disability which would render a claimant unavailable for suitable work under Section 401(d). As Judge Blatt wrote in Kernisky v. Unemployment Compensation Board of Review, 10 Pa. Commonwealth Ct. 199, 202-203, 309 A.2d 181, 183-184 (1973): "The mere fact that the claimant has a necessitous and compelling reason for terminating her employment does not, however, automatically qualify her for unemployment compensation. She must also meet the requirement of Section 401 of the Unemployment Compensation Law, 43 P.S. § 801, that she be available for suitable work. 'Generally, a physical condition which justifies an employee leaving his employment will also prevent the employee from working at all and consequently prevent him from receiving benefits since the Act requires the availability of the claimant for immediate work.' Molton Unemployment Compensation Case, 194 Pa. Superior Ct. 190, 192, 166 A.2d 103, 104 (1960). In some cases, however, even though the employee's physical condition might prevent him from continuing at his previous employment, he might still be able and available for other types of work, and ...