Appeal from judgment of sentence of Court of Common Pleas of Lancaster County, Nos. 854 and 858 of 1973, in case of Commonwealth of Pennsylvania v. John Elwood Kearse.
Edward F. Browne, Jr., Assistant Public Defender, and Theodore S. Danforth, Public Defender, for appellant.
Michael H. Ranck, Assistant District Attorney, and D. Richard Eckman, District Attorney, for Commonwealth, appellee.
Watkins, P. J., Jacobs, Hoffman, Cercone, Price, Van der Voort, and Spaeth, JJ. Opinion by Van der Voort, J.
[ 233 Pa. Super. Page 490]
The appellant, John Elwood Kearse, was indicted on two counts of robbery by violence and with an accomplice. The charges were based on purse-snatchings from elderly women in Lancaster, Pennsylvania. Prior to trial, a hearing was held on defense counsel's application for suppression of confessions given by appellant. The suppression court denied the application.
On June 27, 1973, the appellant appeared before the lower court. The transcript of this proceeding shows that, after a colloquy, Kearse entered a guilty plea to charges of robbery and larceny. An officer was then called as a witness to summarize the Commonwealth's version of the facts for the court. Appellant's counsel asked the court to order a pre-sentence investigation and report prior to pronouncing sentence and this request was granted. The appellant was again called before the lower court on October 26, 1973, ostensibly for sentencing. The court again heard police testimony concerning the nature of the crimes, and also heard arguments from defense and
[ 233 Pa. Super. Page 491]
prosecution counsel concerning sentencing. The court again had some colloquy with Kearse at which time the latter's desire to plead guilty was ascertained. Finally, appellant was sentenced to two and a half years to five years imprisonment on the robbery charge and probation on the larceny charge.
In the instant direct appeal, the appellant maintains that the colloquy between himself and the court at the time of the guilty pleas was deficient and insufficient to establish that the pleas were knowingly and intelligently made. We are constrained to agree. Our review of the record shows that there was less than full compliance with the requirements enunciated in Rule 319 (a) of the Pennsylvania Rules of Criminal Procedure*fn1 and applicable case law.*fn2 More specifically, the record shows that Kearse was never adequately made aware of the "nature" of the charges against him. He was only asked if he was aware that he was charged with the serious crimes of robbery and larceny and answered in the affirmative when the court asked if he understood the "nature of the crimes." Even under pre- Ingram guidelines, a more explicit examination of the defendant's understanding of the legal basis of charges against him was required. See Commonwealth v. Campbell, 451 Pa. 465, 304 A.2d 121
[ 233 Pa. Super. Page 492]
(1973). Also, although police witnesses described in detail the acts which formed the basis for the charges, such explanation took place after appellant entered his plea at the June 27, 1973 hearing. Prior to the entry of plea by appellant, and acceptance by the court, the record shows no exploration with Kearse of his understanding or agreement on the factual basis for his plea. Commonwealth v. Jackson, 450 Pa. 417, 299 A.2d 209 (1973); Commonwealth v. Maddox, 450 Pa. 406, 300 A.2d 503 (1973). Lastly, we note ...