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COMMONWEALTH v. TRUSS (09/23/74)

decided: September 23, 1974.

COMMONWEALTH
v.
TRUSS, APPELLANT



Appeal from judgment of sentence of Court of Common Pleas of Northampton County, Jan. T., 1973, No. 13, in case of Commonwealth of Pennsylvania v. Otha Truss.

COUNSEL

Herbert G. Litvin, for appellant.

Salvador J. Salazar, Assistant District Attorney, and Charles H. Spaziani, District Attorney, for Commonwealth, appellee.

Watkins, P. J., Jacobs, Hoffman, Cercone, Price, Van der Voort, and Spaeth, JJ. Opinion by Price, J.

Author: Price

[ 230 Pa. Super. Page 263]

The only issue raised on this appeal is whether the evidence adduced at the hearing held on August 7, 1973, before the Honorable Richard D. Grifo in the Juvenile Court of Northampton County, was sufficient to convict the appellant, Otha Truss, of rape.

The test of the sufficiency of the evidence is whether, accepting as true all the evidence upon which, if believed, the fact-finder could properly have based his verdict, it is sufficient in law to prove the defendant guilty of the crime charged beyond a reasonable doubt. Commonwealth v. Paquette, 451 Pa. 250, 301 A.2d 837 (1973); Commonwealth v. Oates, 448 Pa. 486, 295 A.2d 337 (1972). It is axiomatic that the evidence is to be reviewed in a light most favorable to the verdict winner (Commonwealth). Commonwealth v. Blevins, 453 Pa. 481, 309 A.2d 421 (1973); Commonwealth v. Rankin, 411 Pa. 401, 272 A.2d 886 (1971). In so doing, we will accept as true the Commonwealth's evidence and all reasonable inferences arising therefrom. Commonwealth v. Portalatin, 223 Pa. Superior Ct. 33, 297 A.2d 144 (1972).

In the instant case, the Juvenile Court judge was the fact-finder, and his findings are to be given the same weight as a jury verdict. Commonwealth ex rel. Epps v. Myers, 197 Pa. Superior Ct. 145, 177 A.2d 28 (1962). We will not disturb the lower court's discretion in refusing to grant a rehearing without a palpable abuse of discretion. Commonwealth v. Zapata, 447 Pa. 322, 290 A.2d 114 (1972); Commonwealth v. Hayes, 205 Pa. Superior Ct. 338, 209 A.2d 38 (1965).

The facts and circumstances developed by the Commonwealth during the hearing and accepted by the lower court are as follows:

On July 6, 1973, Sherry Gianguzzi and Robert Kostenbader left a friend's birthday party between 10:00 and 10:30 P.M. As they walked home, they

[ 230 Pa. Super. Page 264]

    were accosted by a male juvenile who ran between Sherry and Robert, and slapped Robert on the face without apparent provocation.

After a short exchange of words, the juvenile left Sherry and Robert, in order to pursue his dog, which had broken away. A short time later, however, he again approached the couple. This time, the juvenile was accompanied by a large German Shepherd. The juvenile told Robert to stay where he was on the sidewalk or he would order the ...


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