The opinion of the court was delivered by: NEWCOMER
1. Plaintiffs are residents and merchants of a city block in West Philadelphia, enclosed on the North by Walnut Street and on the South by Sansom Street and bisected by Moravian Street. The area between Walnut Street and Moravian Street shall hereinafter be referred to as the "Walnut Street properties" and the area between Moravian Street and Sansom Street shall be referred to as the "Sansom Street properties".
2. The defendants are the Redevelopment Authority of Philadelphia, which is the landlord of all the properties on the block in question, and the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development, which has acted in the past and is continuing to act as a partner with the Redevelopment Authority in that agency's urban renewal plans for the block.
3. Plaintiffs brought suit in this Court in June, 1973, claiming that defendant Redevelopment Authority (R.A.) altered the proposed demolition and redevelopment plans for the block, changing its proposed use from a predominately academic one to a predominately commercial one. Plaintiffs alleged that this alteration violated several sections of the National Housing Act, 42 U.S.C. § 1441 et seq. (1949). Plaintiffs further alleged that in approving these changes without issuing an environmental impact statement, HUD violated Section 102(c) of the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969, 42 U.S.C. § 4332(c).
5. On February 24, 1974, defendant HUD determined that an environmental impact statement should be prepared for every Neighborhood Development Program in the City of Philadelphia. One such project was University City Unit Four, of which the Sansom and Walnut properties are a part. The environmental impact statement covering University City Project Four was to be completed by September 4, 1974, but it appears from testimony given at the hearing that the impact statement may not be completed before December, 1974, and may possibly be delayed even beyond that date.
6. On May 24, 1974, defendant R.A. informed plaintiffs that it proposed to begin demolishing the Walnut Street properties on July 31, 1974.
7. Most of the Walnut Street properties have been vacant since 1971, when defendant Redevelopment Authority evicted many of the tenants. Some five businesses remain, including a bar, a record shop, and a hoagie shop and grill. There are no residents of the Walnut Street properties.
8. The demolition of the Walnut Street properties will raise the noise level of the Sansom Street properties substantially, but not to the point of rendering those properties uninhabitable.
9. The merchants who are presently tenants of the Walnut Street properties have testified that they have not arranged for their relocation, and that they did not think that they could make such arrangements. They will suffer the hardship inherent in finding new places of business should demolition proceed.
10. The university community, and the Sansom Street residents, will be deprived of the use of these stores. However, these stores are not the only ones of their kind in the area surrounding the University.
11. The Walnut Street properties are dilapidated and deteriorating buildings, ranging in age from 50 to over a 100 years old. Many have wood interiors or adjoining edifices that are made of wood which poses a substantial fire hazard both to the Walnut Street properties themselves and to the adjoining areas, including the Sansom Street properties. The threat of fire is enhanced by the fact that these properties are ...