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MARION WOODWARD PAYNE v. JACOB G. KASSAB (07/26/74)

decided: July 26, 1974.

MARION WOODWARD PAYNE, SARA WOLFE BELL, LEA M. CSALA, FRANCES PHELPS WALLER, RACHAEL W. GUTMAN, ANTHONY J. MUSSARI, BARBARA B. ALBERT, MAGDALENE DYSLESKI, STELLA M. MOAT, ELIZABETH C. MINER, GEORGE LOVELAND, ESQUIRE, CAROLYN H. REIF, JUDITH L. REISHTEIN, ANTHONY J. WALAITIS, AND STELLA WALAITIS, HIS WIFE, AND THE WILKES COLLEGE STUDENTS' COMMITTEE FOR A CLEAN ENVIRONMENT, BY MARK CHAMBERLAIN, TRUSTEE AD LITEM, PLAINTIFFS,
v.
JACOB G. KASSAB, INDIVIDUALLY AND AS SECRETARY OF THE PENNSYLVANIA DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION, AND THE COMMONWEALTH OF PENNSYLVANIA, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION; CITY OF WILKES-BARRE, JOHN B. MCGLYNN, MAYOR, MARJORIE BART, ROBERT P. BRADER, JOHN V. MORRIS, KENNETH REMENSNYDER, CON SALWOSKI AND JOSEPH A. WILLIAMS, COUNCILMEN OF THE CITY OF WILKES-BARRE, LUZERNE COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA, DEFENDANTS



Original jurisdiction in case of Marion Woodward Payne, Sara Wolfe Bell, Leo M. Csala, Frances Phelps Waller, Rachael W. Gutman, Anthony J. Mussari, Barbara B. Albert, Magdalene Dysleski, Stella M. Moat, Elizabeth C. Miner, George Loveland, Esquire, Carolyn H. Reif, Judith L. Reishtein, Anthony J. Walaitis and Stella Walaitis, his wife, and The Wilkes College Students' Committee for a Clean Environment, by Mark Chamberlain, Trustee Ad Litem, v. Jacob G. Kassab, Individually and as Secretary of the Pennsylvania Department of Transportation, and The Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, Department of Transportation; City of Wilkes-Barre, John B. McGlynn, Mayor, Marjorie Bart, Robert P. Brader, John V. Morris, Kenneth Remensnyder, Con Salwoski and Joseph A. Williams, Councilmen of the City of Wilkes-Barre, Luzerne County, Pennsylvania.

COUNSEL

James F. Geddes, Jr., with him F. Charles Petrillo, for plaintiffs.

Gregory S. Ghen, Assistant Attorney General, with him David A. Johnston, Jr., Assistant Attorney General, Robert W. Cunliffe, Deputy Attorney General, and Israel Packel, Attorney General, for Commonwealth, defendants.

Malcolm M. Limongelli, with him Chester B. Muroski, for Wilkes-Barre, defendants.

President Judge Bowman and Judges Kramer, Wilkinson, Jr., Mencer, Rogers and Blatt. Judge Crumlish, Jr. did not participate. Opinion by Judge Mencer.

Author: Mencer

[ 14 Pa. Commw. Page 492]

The several individuals, citizens of the City of Wilkes-Barre, and a group of students attending Wilkes College in Wilkes-Barre, who are the plaintiffs in this

[ 14 Pa. Commw. Page 493]

    equity action, filed exceptions to the Adjudication and Decree Nisi of this Court, reported as Payne v. Kassab, 11 Pa. Commonwealth Ct. 14, 312 A.2d 86 (1973). We there dismissed plaintiffs' complaint and held that, in exercising judicial review of the propriety of development of property subject to Article I, Section 27, of the Constitution of Pennsylvania, a court must balance conflicting environmental and social concerns and determine (1) whether the proposed development complies with applicable environmental statutes and regulations, (2) whether a reasonable effort is being made to minimize environmental incursion, and (3) whether the environmental harm which will result so clearly outweighs the benefits to be derived that to permit such development would constitute an abuse of discretion.

We also held that public authorities in their discretion may change the use to which public lands are utilized and a different public use may be adopted so long as the terms and limitations of the original grant are not transgressed.

We have carefully considered the plaintiffs' exceptions filed in this case and find them to be without merit.

Accordingly, we make the ...


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