Original jurisdiction in case of Schuman's Village Square Drugs, Inc. v. Joseph Stern, Earl P. Collins, Sol S. Turnoff, Donald Bell and George J. Haggerty.
George M. Painter, III, for plaintiff.
Gerry J. Elman, Deputy Attorney General, with him Lawrence Silver, Deputy Attorney General, and Israel Packel, Attorney General, for defendants.
President Judge Bowman and Judges Crumlish, Jr., Kramer, Wilkinson, Jr., Mencer, Rogers and Blatt. Opinion by Judge Rogers.
[ 14 Pa. Commw. Page 559]
Schuman's Village Square Drugs, Inc. here sues members of the Pennsylvania State Board of Pharmacy in trespass seeking compensatory and punitive damages. It alleges that the defendants, as members of the Board, first maliciously delayed considering its application for a pharmacy permit and then maliciously refused to issue the permit. The complaint contains no statement of the facts upon which the charges of malice are based.
[ 14 Pa. Commw. Page 560]
The defendants have filed preliminary objections raising the issue of their immunity from suit based upon acts performed in their official and quasi-judicial capacity.
The complaint herein was filed and argument on the defendants' preliminary objections conducted prior to the filing of our opinion and order affirming the State Board of Pharmacy's order denying the plaintiff's application for the permit in question. Schuman's Village Square Drugs, Inc. v. Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, State Board of Pharmacy, 13 Pa. Commonwealth Ct. 456, 322 A.2d 431 (1974). Judge Blatt's opinion in the cited case fully sets forth the facts supporting the denial of the Board's permit and contains the conclusion that ". . . the duly constituted Board, acting in a proper manner, made findings of fact based on substantial evidence and clearly set out in its adjudication the questions of law based thereon."*fn1
We are compelled to sustain the defendants' objection. In DuBree, Jr., Executor v. Commonwealth, 8 Pa. Commonwealth Ct. 567, 303 A.2d 530 (1973), we affirmed the action of a lower court sustaining preliminary objections to a complaint seeking damages allegedly caused by the negligence of officials of the Department of Highways. We there held that high public officials when acting officially have an absolute immunity. In McCoy, Executor v. Liquor Control Board, 9 Pa. Commonwealth Ct. 107, 305 A.2d 746 (1973), we sustained preliminary objections to a complaint alleging improper performance of official duties by a number of state officials, including members of the Liquor Control Board. In Koynok v. Commonwealth, 12 Pa. Commonwealth Ct. 375,
[ 14 Pa. Commw. Page 561316]
A.2d 118 (1974), we sustained preliminary objections to a complaint seeking damages from the State Board of Private Academic Schools for an allegedly improper evaluation of the plaintiff's private academy. We have no hesitancy in holding that members of the State Board of Pharmacy are high public officials. We further note that the defendants' activities complained of were not only official but quasi-judicial in nature.
The recent case of Scheuer v. Rhodes, 416 U.S. 232 (1974), holding that State officials have no absolute immunity from actions under the Civil Rights Act of 1871, 42 U.S.C. § 1983, is not ...