Appeal from order of Court of Common Pleas, Trial Division, of Philadelphia, Jan. T., 1973, No. 746, in the matter of the Arbitration between Evans W. Webb and Elizabeth Webb, and United Services Automobile Association.
Robert C. Steiger, for appellant.
Allen Weinberg, for appellees.
Wright, P. J., Watkins, Jacobs, Hoffman, Cercone, and Spaeth, JJ. (Spaulding, J., absent). Opinion by Spaeth, J.
[ 227 Pa. Super. Page 510]
Appellees sustained personal injuries as a result of an automobile accident that they allege occurred when an unknown motorist swerved his car in front of theirs, causing them to hit a third car. The unknown motorist drove on and disappeared. The third car was insured, but appellees brought an action against appellant as their carrier under the policy's uninsured motorist clause on the theory that the unknown motorist's car was a "hit-and-run" car.*fn1 The case went to arbitration pursuant to a standard clause in the policy. The arbitration panel's decision was that appellees are bound by a provision of their insurance policy defining a "hit-and-run" car as one causing injury "arising out of physical contact;" since there was no allegation of any contact between appellees' car and the car appellees swerved to avoid, there was no coverage.
Appellees then filed a petition and rule to vacate the award of the arbitrators and return the matter to arbitration on the questions of fault and damages alone. Argument was heard on the motion,*fn2 and appellees' petition was granted.
On this appeal from that order appellant challenges both the jurisdiction of the court below and the merits of its decision. We hold that the court had jurisdiction and that its decision was correct, and therefore affirm.
The opinion of the court below makes no reference to whether it had jurisdiction, although that issue is extremely difficult. Pennsylvania courts have said repeatedly that all questions under an uninsured motorist
[ 227 Pa. Super. Page 511]
clause with an arbitration provision are within the exclusive jurisdiction of the arbitrators. Allstate Insurance Co. v. McMonagle, 449 Pa. 362, 296 A.2d 738 (1972); Nationwide Mutual Ins. Co. v. Barbera, 443 Pa. 93, 277 A.2d 821 (1971); Preferred Risk Mut. Ins. Co. v. Martin, 436 Pa. 374, 260 A.2d 804 (1970); Great American Ins. Co. v. American Arbitration Association, 436 Pa. 370, 260 A.2d 769 (1970); Pennsylvania General Ins. Co. v. Barr, 435 Pa. 456, 257 A.2d 550 (1969); Allstate Insurance Co. v. Taylor, 434 Pa. 21, 252 A.2d 618 (1969); Merchants Mut. Ins. Co. v. Am. Arb. Assoc., 433 Pa. 250, 248 A.2d 842 (1969); Harleysville Mut. Ins. Co. v. Medycki, 431 Pa. 67, 244 A.2d 655 (1968); National Grange Mut. Ins. Co. v. Kuhn, 428 Pa. 179, 236 A.2d 758 (1968); Hartford Ins. Grp. v. Kassler, 227 Pa. Superior Ct. 47, 324 A.2d 521 (1974); Allstate Ins. Co. v. Blackwell, 223 Pa. Superior Ct. 401, 301 A.2d 890 (1973).
There have been instances, however, when an appellate court has taken jurisdiction over cases dealing with such clauses. See Harleysville Mut. Cas. Co. v. Blumling, 429 Pa. 389, 241 A.2d 112 (1968); Nationwide Mut. Ins. Co. v. Ealy, 221 Pa. Superior Ct. 138, 289 A.2d 113 (1972); Bankes v. State Farm Mut. Auto. Ins. Co., 216 Pa. Superior Ct. 162, 264 A.2d 197 (1970); Ellison v. Safeguard Mut. Ins. Co., 209 Pa. Superior Ct. 492, 229 A.2d 482 (1967).
It is therefore necessary to examine the cases to sort out the seemingly contradictory statements about jurisdiction. When this is done, certain consistent general principles emerge.
There have been several cases in which the insurance company has sought an injunction against arbitration. It has been consistently held that because the parties to the policy have chosen arbitration as the forum, one party cannot seek to enjoin arbitration, ...