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HERBERT SHAPIRO v. COMMONWEALTH PENNSYLVANIA (02/11/74)

decided: February 11, 1974.

HERBERT SHAPIRO, APPELLANT,
v.
COMMONWEALTH OF PENNSYLVANIA, STATE CIVIL SERVICE COMMISSION, APPELLEE



Appeal from the Order of the State Civil Service Commission in case of Appeal of Herbert Shapiro, No. 1376.

COUNSEL

Richard B. Sigmond, with him Leonard Spear and Meranze, Katz, Spear & Wilderman, for appellant.

Glenn Gilman, Assistant Attorney General, with him Michael Von Moschzisker, Deputy Attorney General, and Israel Packel, Attorney General, for appellee.

Judges Kramer, Wilkinson, Jr. and Rogers, sitting as a panel of three. Opinion by Judge Wilkinson.

Author: Wilkinson

[ 12 Pa. Commw. Page 122]

This is an appeal from the order of the State Civil Service Commission, dated May 21, 1973, dismissing the appeal and sustaining the action of the Department of Public Welfare in the removal of appellant from his position as Medical Research Scientist III, probationary status, effective November 24, 1972. The real substantive issue to be decided is whether appellant was on probationary status or regular status at the time of his dismissal. The Commission determined that he was on probationary status and, therefore, fell under the provisions of Section 951(b) of the Civil Service Act, Act of August 5, 1941, P.L. 752, as amended, 71 P.S. § 741.951(b). Under our Supreme Court's ruling in Beard v. State Civil Service Commission, 424 Pa. 146, 150, 225 A.2d 543, 545 (1967), this placed the burden on appellant to prove that his dismissal was based on discrimination. "Unless he could prove this, the Commission had no authority to question the validity of the unsatisfactory work determination." We agree and must affirm.

Appellant entered the Commonwealth employ on November 18, 1968, on an emergency status under the provisions of Section 606 of the Civil Service Act, 71 P.S. § 741.606. On December 28, 1968, he was moved to provisional

[ 12 Pa. Commw. Page 123]

    status under the provisions of Section 604, 71 P.S. § 741.604. This Section provides for such appointments under special circumstances, but the appointment can only continue until an appropriate eligible list can be established, and in no event more than six months in any 12-month period. It prohibits successive provisional appointments. Nevertheless, in violation of this provision, appellant remained in the provisional status until he took and passed an examination given in "about May, 1972," the first examination given after his provisional appointment. Having passed the examination, he was given a probationary status on June 10, 1972, under the provisions of Section 603, 71 P.S. § 741.603. This probationary status could cover a period of not less than six or more than 18 months. It was during this period that appellant was notified by letter dated November 8, 1972, effective November 24, 1972, that he was dismissed.

It is appellant's position that when he was retained in the provisional status beyond the six-month permissible period, he automatically moved into a regular status. We cannot agree. His continued employment was contrary to law, but there is no provision in the law to convert it to a regular status. During that period, he had a de facto status. Indeed, the Civil Service Act specifically provides in Section 604, 71 P.S. § 741.604, "the acceptance of a provisional appointment shall not confer upon the appointee any rights of permanent tenure, transfer, promotion or reinstatement."

The legal status of a person who is held over beyond the six-month (formerly 90-day) period was carefully analyzed by the Attorney General of Pennsylvania in Official Opinion No. 120, dated May 29, 1958, appearing in the bound volumes of Official Opinions for 1958, at page 223. In that opinion, the Attorney General advised the Auditor General that such a situation was unlawful, and the Civil Service Commission had the

[ 12 Pa. Commw. Page 124]

    duty to hold examinations with dispatch. However, he advised that the employee had de facto status and should be paid. We ...


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