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decided: November 8, 1973.


Appeal from the Order of the Workmen's Compensation Appeal Board in case of Patricia A. Bock v. Edison Hotel and Westmoreland Casualty Company, Insurance Carrier, No. A-66247.


Theodore E. Breault, with him Egler, McGregor & Reinstadtler, for appellant.

Thomas Levendos, with him George Shorall, for appellee.

Judges Crumlish, Jr., Mencer and Blatt, sitting as a panel of three. Opinion by Judge Crumlish, Jr.

Author: Crumlish

[ 11 Pa. Commw. Page 102]

A "semi-interpretative dancer"*fn1 was stripped of Workmen's Compensation Benefits by the Referee and the Workmen's Compensation Appeal Board (Board) reversed, resulting in the instant Appeal.

Patricia Bock (Claimant) was employed by the Edison Hotel (Hotel) to entertain the public in what she described in her professional parlance as "semi-interpretative dancing." On January 13, 1971, while doing her last number, Claimant avers that she slipped on the stage and twisted her right ankle, saving herself from a fall by virtue of an alert grasp of the curtain behind. She contends that the pain grew progressively worse, gyrating to her right side, right arm and lower back.

On May 24, 1971, Claimant, seeking redress for her injuries, filed a Claim Petition for Compensation Disability. After the hearing, the Referee dismissed the Petition by concluding that she had failed to carry the burden, which required her to establish a compensable accident under the Pennsylvania Workmen's Compensation Act, Act of June 2, 1915, P.L. 736, 77 P.S. ยง 1 et seq. (Act). The Board reversed the Referee.

Hotel has brought this decision to us.

[ 11 Pa. Commw. Page 103]

Our scope of review in this type of case is limited to a determination of whether or not constitutional rights were violated, an error of law was committed, or any necessary finding of fact was unsupported by substantial evidence. Arnold Coal & Supply Co., Inc. v. Markle, 8 Pa. Commonwealth Ct. 107, 300 A.2d 916 (1973); Bayuk Cigar Company v. Hawn, 8 Pa. Commonwealth Ct. 45, 300 A.2d 837 (1973).

However, again this Court is confronted with the difficulties posed in the interpretation and application of our decision in Universal Cyclops Steel Corporation v. Krawczynski, 9 Pa. Commonwealth Ct. 176, 305 A.2d 757 (1973), to an appeal in which the Referee's decision and Board's reversal predated the filing, but not the application of this important decision.*fn2 In Universal Cyclops Steel Corporation v. Krawczynski, 9 Pa. Commonwealth Ct. 176, 305 A.2d 757 (1973), this Court, through Judge Blatt, concluded that 1972 amendments*fn3 to the Workmen's Compensation Act vested greater authority in the Referee, making the Referee the ultimate fact finder. So, unless new evidence is heard by the Board, its review is limited to the competence, and not the credibility of the evidence heard by the Referee, and the factual determinations of the Referee supported by competent evidence must be accepted by the Board. 9 Pa. Commonwealth Ct. at 182,

[ 11 Pa. Commw. Page 104305]

A.2d at 761. Of course, the Board may also consider whether any conclusion of the Referee constitutes an error of law.

An examination of the meager findings by the Referee discloses that it is apparent that he questioned the Claimant's credibility on the basic issue, that is to say whether Claimant injured herself at Hotel in the course of her regularly assigned duties on the night in question.*fn4

The Board, after its own independent review of the record, determined that Claimant's testimony, when coupled with "the testimony of Dr. Barrent, Claimant's treating physician, is both competent and credible to sustain the Claimant's burden of proof that she did, in fact, experience an injury which resulted in disability to her." (Emphasis supplied.)

Since Universal Cyclops v. Krawczynski, supra, has enlightened us, we find that the Board here has trespassed into the Referee's credibility arena. Although the Board, and for that matter this Court, may not agree with the weight given to the inconsistencies attributed to the Claimant in this case, we are bound by the Referee's judgment.

Nor can this Court, in its review, realistically say that the findings of fact made by the Referee were not supported by substantial competent evidence. Claimant failed to produce any witness who could corroborate her story. In fact, two of the troupe performing

[ 11 Pa. Commw. Page 105]

    that night testified that they did not see Claimant slip, and one dancer had the impression that Claimant had hurt her ankle while moving furniture at her residence. In addition, we found that the testimony of Claimant's doctor was conspicuously laced with equivocal pronouncements.*fn5

In conclusion, we find that the Board erred in substituting its own findings of fact for those of the Referee, and accordingly, we must reverse the Board and enter the following


Now, this 8th day of November, 1973, the Order of the Workmen's Compensation Appeal Board dated March 28, 1973 is hereby reversed and the claim of Patricia Bock is dismissed.



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