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BONNELL v. COMMONWEALTH REALTY TRUST

September 10, 1973

William W. BONNELL et al.
v.
COMMONWEALTH REALTY TRUST


Newcomer, District Judge.


The opinion of the court was delivered by: NEWCOMER

NEWCOMER, District Judge.

 Presently before the Court is the above captioned defendant's motion for a finding under Rule 39 of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure that no right of trial by jury exists in this particular action. This is an equitable action by a mortgagor to secure from a mortgagee an accounting for monies received while in possession of certain property.

 In July of 1962, the defendant, Commonwealth Realty Trust, loaned $1,000,000 to two Jamaican companies, Golden Head Beach Hotels, Ltd. and Gibraltar Estates Investment Company, Ltd., both of which were owned and controlled by one William W. Bonnell, plaintiff herein. The loan was collateralized by a mortgage to Commonwealth of certain properties in Jamaica belonging to Golden Head and Gibraltar. Additionally, plaintiff William Bonnell and his wife Grace guaranteed payment of the loan to Golden Head and Gibraltar and mortgaged certain additional property to Commonwealth Realty Trust to secure their guarantee.

 The heart of plaintiffs' complaint in this action may be found in paragraph 14 of the amended complaint.

 
Plaintiffs believe and, therefore, aver that, as set forth in Paragraphs 12 and 13 hereof, defendant has realized monies far in excess of the amounts due to it as principal and income on the loan set forth in Paragraph 6 hereof.

 After asserting their beliefs, the plaintiffs go on to pray for (1) an accounting of what Commonwealth Realty Trust has done with the collateral, (including an examination of certain books and records), (2) an injunction to stop Commonwealth Realty Trust from disposing of any more collateral, and (3) damages (if they are entitled to any).

 The basically equitable nature of an action by a mortgagor for an accounting is not changed by the inclusion of a claim for damages. Such a claim only restates the basic equitable action, and in no way creates a right to trial by jury. Indeed it would make no sense if a claim for damages could change an equitable action into one at law. Damages can only be determined after an accounting of whether or not money is owed to or from a mortgagor. Therefore, the Court will enter the following Order.

 ORDER

 And now, to wit, this 10th day of September, 1973, it is Ordered that the defendant's motion for a finding under Rule 39 of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure that no right of trial by jury exists respecting this action be and the same is hereby granted.

 It is further Ordered that the plaintiffs' demand for a jury trial be and the same is hereby stricken.

 It is further Ordered that plaintiffs' request that this Court certify this Order for an immediate appeal pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1292(b) ...


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