decided: January 19, 1973.
Appeals from orders and decrees of Court of Common Pleas, Orphans' Court Division, of Allegheny County, No. 3659 of 1970, in re estate of Mayer Sniderman.
Raymond L. Brennan, for appellant.
Daniel Shapira, with him G. Donald Gerlach, and Reed, Smith, Shaw & McClay, for appellee.
Jones, C. J., Eagen, O'Brien, Roberts, Pomeroy, Nix and Manderino, JJ. Opinion by Mr. Justice Pomeroy.
[ 450 Pa. Page 134]
The Pittsburgh National Bank, administrator pendente lite of the estate of Mayer Sniderman, petitioned the Orphans' Court Division of the Court of Common Pleas of Allegheny County to issue a citation against Raymond L. Brennan, Esquire, respondent (appellant here), and to require him to show cause why he should not be directed to pay to the estate of the late Mr. Sniderman a fee for legal services allegedly earned by Sniderman during his lifetime and collected by respondent after Sniderman's death. Respondent answered the citation on the merits, and a hearing was held on December 13, 1971. At that proceeding the court sua sponte raised the question of subject matter
[ 450 Pa. Page 135]
jurisdiction of the Orphans' Court Division, it appearing from the evidence that the fee in question was in actuality unpaid monies in the hands of the client at the date of Sniderman's death, had never been in the hands of the personal representatives of the estate, and had been collected by the respondent directly from the client. Respondent replied that he doubted the "Orphans' Court had jurisdiction whatsoever", and the court then granted leave to file preliminary objections to the jurisdiction. Meantime, however, the hearing proceeded; both parties presented evidence and closed.
Respondent then filed preliminary objections to the jurisdiction of the Orphans' Court Division. These were denied after argument by a court en banc. In an opinion accompanying the order denying respondent's preliminary objections, the court en banc, although recognizing that the merits of the issue "may not be before us", stated that the Sniderman estate was entitled to a portion of the fee in question and, absent production of evidence showing a more accurate method of dividing the sum, suggested that an award of 2/3 to the estate and 1/3 to the respondent would be equitable. The matter was remanded to the auditing judge for further proceedings consistent with the opinion.*fn1
On May 19, 1972 a hearing was held on remand for introduction of evidence as to the value of the services rendered by Sniderman and respondent Brennan respectively. The administrator indicated his willingness to accept the two-thirds -- one-third division proposed in the opinion of the court en banc. The respondent, however, stated that in his opinion the Orphans' Court Division lacked jurisdiction and he declined to produce evidence as to the value of his services. The court therefore entered an order and decreed "that the fee be
[ 450 Pa. Page 136]
divided, one-third to Mr. Raymond L. Brennan and two-thirds to the Estate of Mayer Sniderman". From this order, and without filing exceptions, respondent appealed directly to this Court (No. 112 March Term, 1972).
The administrator then moved that the court enter a more definitive order and on May 26, 1972 yet another hearing was held with respondent present. An order of judgment was thereafter entered in favor of the estate of Sniderman in the amount of $1,277. From this order, and again without filing exceptions, respondent appealed directly to this Court (No. 117 March Term, 1972).
The administrator has filed a motion to quash both of respondent's appeals. We heard argument on that motion at the same time as argument on the merits. We now grant the administrator's motion and quash both appeals.
Section 401 of the Orphans' Court Act of 1951, August 10, 1951, P. L. 1163, art. IV, 20 P.S. § 2080.401 provides as follows: "Any judge of an orphans' court, learned in the law, whether or not the court is separate and whether or not it consists of more than one judge, may hear and determine all matters of which the court has jurisdiction. His determination thereof shall be a final decree, unless exceptions thereto are authorized by rule of court or the decree discloses that it is not intended as such." (Emphasis added). Section 771 of the Orphans' Court Act of 1951, supra, 20 P.S. § 2080.771, provides that "[a]ny party in interest who is aggrieved by a final order or decree of the orphans' court . . . may appeal therefrom . . . ." Section 7, Rule 1 of the Orphans' Court Rules prescribed by this Court, 20 P.S. (Orphans' Court Rules), states that -- "[e]xceptions shall be filed at such place and time, shall be in such form, copies thereof served and disposition made
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thereof as local rules shall prescribe." (Emphasis added). It would follow that if a rule of the Orphans' Court Division of the Court of Common Pleas of Allegheny County authorizes exceptions to be taken from the decrees here in question, respondent's failure to file such exceptions before appealing to this Court will prove fatal.
Rule 13, section 9 (applicable to practice and procedure on citation) of the Rules of the Orphans' Court Division of the Court of Common Pleas of Allegheny County reads as follows: "Specific exceptions to any decree may be filed with the Clerk within ten days after entry . . . ." Rule 14, section 1 of the same Rules states that "[e]xceptions to any decree or order of the Court shall be filed within ten days."
The Orphans' Court Act thus defines as not final (and hence not appealable) an order or decree from which exceptions are authorized by rule of court. The rules prescribed by this Court leave the matter of exceptions to local court rules, and the rules of the lower court which heard this case clearly authorize exceptions from these orders. None having been taken, the appeals must be quashed. Yeisley Estate, 358 Pa. 200, 56 A.2d 205 (1948); Wagner's Estate, 289 Pa. 361, 137 A. 616 (1927).*fn2
[ 450 Pa. Page 138]
Appeals quashed; costs on appellant.