UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS FOR THE THIRD CIRCUIT
November 1, 1972
JAMES D. HODGSON, SECRETARY OF LABOR, UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR, APPELLEE
BOARD OF EDUCATION, PARSIPPANY-TROY HILLS ET AL., APPELLANTS
Gibbons and Rosen, Circuit Judges, and Layton, District Judge.
Memorandum and Order
GIBBONS, C. J.
The appellants seek to appeal from an order denying their motions for summary judgment on the ground that under the eleventh amendment they are immune from suit. The suit is brought by the Secretary of Labor under the equal pay and overtime provisions of Section 17 of the Fair Labor Standards Act. Act of June 25, 1938, C. 676, 52 Stat. 1060, as amended; 29 U.S.C. § 201 et seq. It seeks an injunction to restrain the appellant school boards from continuing to withhold compensation allegedly due under that Act to certain custodial workers. The district court, 344 F. Supp. 79, denied the motion for summary judgment but has not yet reached the issue of coverage by the Act for the custodial workers. The appellants applied for and the district court denied a certification pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1292(b). Rule 54(b) Fed. R. Civ. Proc. is inapplicable since no part of any claim has been finally disposed of. The appellee moves to dismiss the appeal as interlocutory. Appellants urge that the order appealed from is a collateral final order within the meaning of Cohen v. Beneficial Industrial Loan Corp., 337 U.S. 541, 93 L. Ed. 1528, 69 S. Ct. 1221 (1949).
If the district court were to decide at final hearing that the custodial workers were outside the coverage of the Act and we were to affirm on that ground it would be unnecessary for us to determine the constitutional claim of immunity which, appellants assert, is significant. A clearer case for the wisdom of the rule against interlocutory appeals could hardly be imagined. Even if a § 1292(b) certificate had been granted by the district court we would very likely have rejected it. See Foster v. Maldonado, 433 F.2d 348 (3d Cir. 1970). Nor can this case be placed within the Cohen doctrine, at least as that doctrine has been confined in this Circuit. See Hackett v. General Host Corp., 455 F.2d 618 (3d Cir. 1971).
The appeal will be dismissed.
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