decided: June 15, 1972.
HOLLIDAY ET AL., APPELLANTS,
Appeal from judgment of Court of Common Pleas of Butler County, Dec. T., 1966, No. 47, in case of Patricia D. Holliday, a minor, by Archie L. Holliday and Betty Holliday, her parents, and Archie L. Holliday and Betty Holliday, in their own right v. J. Lee Foster.
A. R. Cingolani, Jr., with him Cingolani & Cingolani, for appellants.
Frank P. Krizner, with him Lee C. McCandless and McCandless, Chew & Krizner, for appellee.
Wright, P. J., Watkins, Jacobs, Hoffman, Spaulding, Cercone, and Packel, JJ. Opinion by Packel, J. Cercone, J., concurs in the result. Watkins and Jacobs, JJ., dissent.
[ 221 Pa. Super. Page 389]
Procrastination in the prosecution of a lawsuit can be the basis for dismissal.*fn1 Unlike the fixed rules of statutes of limitations, there is no conclusive rule as to how long a delay after a suit is instituted will warrant a judgment of non pros. James Bros. Co. v. Union B. & T. Co. of DuBois, 432 Pa. 129, 247 A.2d 587 (1968) (14 years); Gallagher v. Jewish Hospital Association, 425 Pa. 112, 228 A.2d 732 (1967) (18 years); Wildermuth v. P. & R. Ry. Co., 326 Pa. 536, 192 A. 657 (1937) (13 years); Hruska v. Gibson, 316 Pa. 518, 175 A. 514 (1934) (9 years); Potter T. & T. Co. v. Frank, 298 Pa. 137, 148 A. 50 (1929) (11 years); Waring Bros. & Co. v. Pennsylvania R. R. Co., 176 Pa. 172, 35 A. 106 (1896) (15 years).
[ 221 Pa. Super. Page 390]
The issue in this case is whether the court below abused its discretion or made a mistake of law in barring relief where the delay in filing a complaint was approximately five years after the service of the summons. Counsel for the plaintiff-appellant, in seeking relief from the judgment of non pros., filed a petition alleging that the delay related to uncertainty as to the need for an operation on the plaintiff, negotiations with the insurance carrier of the defendant and his own serious stroke in 1969. No answer to the petition was filed, and it was denied without a hearing.
[ 221 Pa. Super. Page 391]
The normal way of avoiding undue delay in the filing of a complaint, when an action is commenced by service of a summons, is Pa. R. C. P. 1037(a). The plaintiff is given notice, and if he fails to file a complaint within 20 days, the defendant by filing a praecipe can automatically obtain a judgment of non pros. The existence of that procedure does not limit the inherent power of the court to grant the remedy of non pros.*fn2 Because of the availability of Pa. R. C. P. 1037 (a), however, the courts should limit their exercise of power as to failure to file a complaint to cases of rather extreme delay.*fn3 All such appellate cases have entailed a delay much in excess of five years. Even more important in the instant case, the delay was satisfactorily explained without contradiction and there is nothing of record to show that "the delay has caused some prejudice to the adverse party, such as the death of or unexplained absence of material witnesses." James Page 391} Bros. Co. v. Union B. & T. Co., supra, 432 Pa. at 132, 247 A.2d at 589.
Judgment of non pros., vacated.
Judgment of non pros., vacated.