that the loss of the A&P contract will consequently so damage plaintiff as to drive it out of business.
Assuming that plaintiff has been legally harmed by A&P's breach of contract arising from a violation of the Act, plaintiff's injury is ultimately reducible to a loss in profits, an injury very much remediable at law. For plaintiff to argue that it has a right to injunctive relief because it will be irreversibly crippled by the loss of A&P's business is to argue that plaintiff somehow had a vested right to the A&P contract and that the loss of the contract constitutes an illegal expropriation of plaintiff's basic earning power. Such an argument simply ignores the facts that A&P let the contract on a year-to-year basis and that as long as plaintiff had the contract with A&P, plaintiff was always subject to the loss of A&P's business if A&P decided not to renew the contract with plaintiff. (Indeed, since the contracts have apparently always contained a ninety-day notice termination clause, plaintiff's right to A&P's business at any one time was always somewhat precarious.) Plaintiff could, thus, claim loss of profits for one year, at most, (excluding reduction by way of plaintiff's duty to mitigate damages) and computation of such profits would be uncomplicated and unspeculative since pricing and tonnage records appear to be kept as a matter of course.
Finally, there has been no showing that A&P's contract provided a unique source of corrugated waste. On the contrary, the testimony of Mr. Louis Golden, president of a nationwide waste paper buyer and seller, made clear that there were at least five or six other producers of corrugated waste on the scale of A&P in the Philadelphia area, and numerous other producers whose aggregate production would equal that of A&P's, with whom plaintiff could bid upon termination of any existing contracts. Plaintiff's corrugated waste business, then, could be reconstituted by merely bidding on other corrugated waste contracts in the area as they came up for bid.
Although plaintiff has failed to make out a case for injunctive relief, it has made legal allegations which are sufficient to withstand A&P's motion to dismiss. A&P contends that § 210 gives standing to bring suit only to one who has been overcharged and that since plaintiff has paid nothing to A&P, much less been overcharged, it has suffered no legal harm within the meaning of the Act. A&P's reading of § 210 is erroneous: the language and structure of the statute reveal a clear distinction between an "overcharge" and a "legal wrong," indicating that "legal wrong" is a more encompassing concept than "overcharge." First, it would be unduly anomalous for the drafters of the statute to say "legal wrong" in subsection "(a)" when they meant "overcharge" since they were able to use "overcharge" in subsection "(b)" in a very specific context and defined "overcharge" in subsection "(c)." Indeed, subsection "(b)" merely discusses one specific example of a "legal wrong" which can be expected to occur under the Act and delineates the specific remedies for that particular "wrong." Second, if "legal wrong" meant nothing more than "overcharge," the references in subsection "(a)" to declaratory judgment and writ of injunction would be meaningless since such forms of relief are basically inappropriate for overcharge, as made clear by subsection "(b)"'s provision for treble damages. Finally, we are convinced that since the purpose of the Act is to regulate prices, § 210 will best serve that purpose if it is construed to permit the bringing of suits by persons who are "legally wronged" by a violation of the Act, other than by way of being overcharged. This reading of the statute would increase the possibilities of enforcing price stabilization by deterring would-be price raisers through threat of private suit. Indeed, the case before us illustrates how ineffective § 210 might be if standing were limited only to overcharged buyers, since a buyer, such as Vigianno, might be willing to pay more in order to secure a profitable contract. Yet, under A&P's interpretation of § 210, the price freeze would be circumvented, and no private person, although aggrieved, would have standing to complain. In light of the foregoing analysis of the statute and its policy, we rule that plaintiff has standing to bring this suit, and we deny A&P's motion to dismiss.
We do grant, however, Vigianno's motion to dismiss because of plaintiff's failure to state a cause of action against Vigianno. Although plaintiff has denominated Vigianno a party-defendant, plaintiff has not averred in its complaint that Vigianno committed any wrongful conduct or that Vigianno in any way caused plaintiff's alleged injury. Plaintiff's statement that the contract between Vigianno and A&P is in violation of the Act cannot be read as an allegation of wrongful conduct on the part of Vigianno. Moreover, in its prayer for relief, plaintiff seeks neither an injunction against, nor monetary damages from, Vigianno. We will permit, however, plaintiff to amend its complaint against Vigianno.