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GRAY v. BETHLEHEM STEEL COMPANY AND COMMONWEALTH (03/28/72)

decided: March 28, 1972.

GRAY
v.
BETHLEHEM STEEL COMPANY AND COMMONWEALTH



Appeal from the Order of the Court of Common Pleas of Dauphin County in case of Anna S. Gray, Claimant, Widow of Thomas K. Gray, deceased, v. Bethlehem Steel Company and Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, No. 803, March Term, 1970.

COUNSEL

James K. Thomas, with him Metzger, Hafer, Keefer, Thomas and Wood, for appellant, Bethlehem Steel Company.

Samuel C. Vary and Clyde M. Hughes, Jr., Assistant Attorneys General, for appellant, Commonwealth.

Richard L. Placey, with him Shumaker, Williams & Placey, for appellee.

Judges Crumlish, Jr., Manderino and Rogers, sitting as a panel of three. President Judge Bowman and Judges Crumlish, Jr., Kramer, Wilkinson, Jr., Mencer and Blatt. Judge Manderino did not participate in the decision. Opinion by Judge Rogers.

Author: Rogers

[ 4 Pa. Commw. Page 591]

This is an appeal from the order of the Court of Common Pleas of Dauphin County setting aside a decision of the Workmen's Compensation Board which had dismissed a fatal claim petition filed by the widow of Thomas K. Gray.

Appellant, Bethlehem Steel Company, employed claimant's decedent as a bricklayer, an occupation in which he was exposed to silica hazard. The decedent last worked as a bricklayer for the appellant on February 11, 1963. On that date he became disabled as

[ 4 Pa. Commw. Page 592]

    a result of lung cancer. He received sickness and accident benefits from February 11, 1963 until August 30, 1963, at which time he was retired. Although silicosis was present as early as February 1963, the decedent was not found to be disabled on that account until July 6, 1967.

The court below held that the claimant was entitled to compensation on the fatal claim petition despite the fact that her husband's disability from silicosis occurred more than four years after his last employment in an occupational hazard. This was error.

Section 301(c) of the Pennsylvania Occupational Disease Act, Act of June 21, 1939, P.L. 566, as amended, 77 P.S. ยง 1401(c), provides pertinently: "Wherever compensable disability or death is mentioned as a cause for compensation under this act, it shall mean only compensable disability or death resulting from occupational disease and occurring within four years after the date of his last employment in such occupation or industry."

In Gawlick v. Glen Alden Coal Company, 178 Pa. Superior Ct. 149, 113 A.2d 346 (1955), upon facts essentially identical to those here, the court held that the phrase "occurring within three [now four] years after the date of his last employment in such occupation or industry" meant that death or disability must occur within three years from the date when the claimant's decedent or the disabled claimant was last employed in an occupation in which he was exposed to a hazard and not three years from when he was last employed by the defendant in any capacity. Judge Woodside wrote: " Such occupation or industry must refer to an occupation or industry in which the employe ...


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