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United States v. Rabb

UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS FOR THE THIRD CIRCUIT


decided: October 19, 1971.

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
v.
WILLIAM EDWARD RABB ET AL. APPEAL OF SAMUEL J. MALONE

Seitz, Chief Judge, Hastie, Circuit Judge, and Herman, District Judge.

Author: Per Curiam

Opinion OF THE COURT

This is an appeal from a conviction for violation of the Federal Bank Robbery Act, 18 U.S.C. ยง 2113(a) and (d).

Three males participated in the robbery in issue. Two actually entered the bank and confronted the personnel while the third man remained outside as a lookout. The Government contended at appellant's trial that he was the third participant. It offered in support of its position: (1) the in-court identification of an alleged eyewitness to the robbers' getaway; and (2) a written police report of appellant's purported in-custodial oral statement to federal agents while being held under state charges. Appellant's substantial contentions on appeal involve the admissibility of this evidence.

We find no merit in appellant's contention that the in-court identification should have been excluded on the basis of reasoning analogous to that undertaken in Coleman v. Alabama, 399 U.S. 1, 90 S. Ct. 1999, 26 L. Ed. 2d 387 (1970) and Simmons v. United States, 390 U.S. 377, 88 S. Ct. 967, 19 L. Ed. 2d 1247 (1968). As the Coleman court itself concluded, we feel here that the incourt identification resulted from the witness' observations at the time of the robbery, independent of the prior line-up or photograph presentation. See 399 U.S. at 5-6, 90 S. Ct. 1999; United States v. Black, 412 F.2d 687, 689 (6th Cir.), cert. denied, 396 U.S. 1018, 90 S. Ct. 583, 24 L. Ed. 2d 509 (1969). See also United States v. Barber, 442 F.2d 517, 526-527 (3d Cir.1971).

Concerning admissibility of the oral confession, it is evident that the court employed the procedures mandated by Jackson v. Denno, 378 U.S. 368, 84 S. Ct. 1774, 12 L. Ed. 2d 908 (1964). Viewed in connection with this court's decision in United States v. Ruth, 394 F.2d 134, 137 (3d Cir.), cert. denied, 393 U.S. 888, 89 S. Ct. 206, 21 L. Ed. 2d 166 (1968), we find no reversible error. See also Government of Virgin Islands v. Lovell, 378 F.2d 799, 804-805 (3d Cir. 1967) (statement to federal officers not inadmissible because given while detained under local charges).

The judgment of the district court will be affirmed.

19711019

© 1998 VersusLaw Inc.



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