decided: April 22, 1971.
Appeal from order of Court of Common Pleas, Trial Division, of Philadelphia, March T., 1970, No. 4094, in case of Pierre Morgan v. George Bucher, Leon D. Mesirov and William H. Gray.
Mark P. Widoff, for appellant.
Matthew W. Bullock, Jr., First Deputy City Solicitor, with him Levy Anderson, City Solicitor, for appellees.
Jones, Eagen, O'Brien, Roberts, Pomeroy and Barbieri, JJ. Opinion by Mr. Justice Barbieri. Mr. Chief Justice Bell took no part in the consideration or decision of this case. Concurring Opinion by Mr. Justice Roberts.
[ 442 Pa. Page 499]
This is an appeal from an order of the Court of Common Pleas of Philadelphia sustaining the appellee's preliminary objections to appellant's complaint in mandamus. The complaint, seeking to compel the Philadelphia Civil Service Commission (Commission) to reopen appellant's appeal concerning his separation from City employment, was filed more than two years after the appellant had withdrawn his appeal and had been permitted to resign from the City service.*fn*
The appellant was employed as a recreation leader in the Department of Recreation from October 7, 1963 to December 5, 1966, on which latter date he was dismissed for various reasons. The appellant filed a timely appeal from his dismissal to the Commission. A hearing was held on November 7, 1967, at which time appellant was represented by counsel. After the City presented all of its evidence, on the suggestion of appellant's counsel and one of the Commissioners, appellant withdrew his appeal and submitted his resignation, which was accepted, the dismissal being removed from appellant's employment record. Five days later, appellant requested by letter that his resignation be withdrawn and his appeal reopened. On December 11, 1967, the Commission denied the request and refused to reopen the appeal.
On March 20, 1970 appellant filed this action in mandamus to compel the Commission to reopen the
[ 442 Pa. Page 500]
case. The Commission filed preliminary objections which were sustained and the complaint was dismissed on August 5, 1970. Reasons given by the court below for sustaining the preliminary objections are the following: (1) mandamus does not lie to compel the exercise of essentially deliberative and discretionary acts; (2) review of the Commission's action is limited to jurisdictional or procedural grounds and may not be had on the merits; and (3) the appellant's action was not timely filed.
Appellant alleges several grounds for reversing the lower court. However, if the lower court were correct in its holding that the requested action by the Commission is deliberative and discretionary, then mandamus will not lie and the complaint was properly dismissed. Martin v. Garnet Valley Sch. Dist., 441 Pa. 502, 272 A.2d 913 (1971); Rose Tree Media Sch. Dist. v. Dept. of Pub. Instr., 431 Pa. 233, 244 A.2d 754 (1968); Volunteer Firemen's Relief Assoc. v. Minehart, 415 Pa. 305, 203 A.2d 476 (1964); Meadville Area Sch. Dist. v. Dept. of Pub. Instr., 398 Pa. 496, 159 A.2d 482 (1960); Mellinger v. Kuhn, 388 Pa. 83, 130 A.2d 154 (1957); Maxwell v. Farrell Sch. Dist. Bd. of Dirs., 381 Pa. 561, 112 A.2d 192 (1955); 17 McQuillin, Municipal Corporations § 51.16 (3d ed. 1968). "A ministerial act has been defined as one which a public officer is required to perform upon a given state of facts in a prescribed manner in obedience to the mandate of legal authority." Rose Tree Media Sch. Dist. v. Dept. of Pub. Instr., 431 Pa. at 236. See also, 17 McQuillin, Municipal Corporations, supra, at § 51.19.
Section 7-201 of the Philadelphia Home Rule Charter provides: "Any employee who is dismissed or demoted . . . may, within thirty days after such dismissal . . . appeal to the Commission for review thereof . . . Upon such review, both the appealing employee and
[ 442 Pa. Page 501]
the appointing authority involved shall have the right to be heard publicly and to present evidence . . .". It is clear from this that the Commission, if requested by a dismissed employee, must grant him a hearing at which he is afforded an opportunity to present evidence and be heard. Appellant had that opportunity and waived his right to conclude the hearing and to a decision on the advice of counsel. The Commission thus provided for appellant the remedy as required of it by the Home Rule Charter.
Accepting as we do the definition of "ministerial duty" as set forth earlier in this opinion, we conclude that a request to reopen an appeal to the Philadelphia Civil Service Commission after the employe has been given an opportunity to have a hearing and has knowingly and voluntarily waived his right, does not call for a ministerial act, but, if allowable at all, is a request for relief that is purely discretionary. Particularly is this so where the petition is for action which is not specifically mandated or otherwise required to be performed either by the Home Rule Charter or by any ordinance.
Accordingly, since mandamus does not lie in this case, the complaint was properly dismissed.*fn**
[ 442 Pa. Page 502]
Concurring Opinion by Mr. Justice Roberts:
While I am in agreement with the majority opinion, I also believe mandamus does not lie because the case is not properly before the Philadelphia Civil Service Commission. Since appellant actually resigned, he was neither "dismissed or demoted", and hence was not entitled to any appeal to the Commission under Section 7-201 of the Philadelphia Home Rule Charter.