Appeal from decree of Court of Common Pleas, Trial Division, of Philadelphia, May T., 1970, No. 2934, in case of Aaron Daniel v. International Longshoremen's Association, Local No. 1332, and Edward Cooper, II, and Charles Brown.
Martin J. Vigderman, with him Abraham E. Freedman, and Freedman, Borowsky and Lorry, for appellants.
Benjamin Kuby, with him Hershel J. Richman, and Klovsky, Kuby and Harris, for appellee.
Bell, C. J., Jones, Cohen, Eagen, O'Brien and Pomeroy, JJ. Opinion by Mr. Justice Jones. Mr. Justice Cohen took no part in the decision of this case. Mr. Justice Roberts took no part in the consideration or decision of this case.
This is an appeal from the dismissal, by an order, of appellants'*fn1 preliminary objections questioning, inter alia, the jurisdiction of the court below.
A reading of the complaint demonstrates that, while appellee "was duly elected" President of Local 1332 of the International Longshoremen's Association (Union), that election was declared void by the Union's District Council. A subsequent election, the subject matter of this appeal, was then held wherein appellant Edward Cooper, II, was elected President. Following this second election the District Council conducted a hearing*fn2 and ordered Local 1332 to conduct a new election of officials. Despite this intra-union decision, affirmed by the Union's Executive Council, no election was held. Upon the failure of the Union to take any disciplinary action or otherwise enforce its order, appellee instituted this action in equity seeking an order compelling appellants to conduct the election and these preliminary objections were then filed.
It is appellants' position that the lower court had no jurisdiction over the alleged cause of action owing to federal preemption over this area of the law by Title IV, § 402, 29 U.S.C. § 482, of the Landrum-Griffin Act. Section 402 provides that a union member, having exhausted intra-union remedies, may file with the Secretary of Labor a complaint of violation of election laws, and, if the Secretary finds probable cause to believe that a violation occurred, he shall bring action in the United States District Court, to set aside the invalid election and direct a new election. Further, Section 403 of the Act provides that "the remedy provided by this subchapter for challenging an election already conducted shall be exclusive." 29 U.S.C. § 483.
This specific statute was considered by this Court in Mamula v. United Steelworkers, 409 Pa. 175, 178-79, 185 A.2d 595, 597 (1962):
"There is present, however, in this case an additional jurisdictional problem which requires our attention. Even though the supersedeas we granted permitted the election to continue, we cannot ignore the preemption of our jurisdiction by Title IV, Sec. 402, 29 U.S.C. Sec. 482 of the Landrum-Griffin Act.
"Where the Congress of the United States enacts a comprehensive statute which is intended to occupy the field, the Supremacy Clause of the United States Constitution requires that the state legislature and judiciary defer to the superior command of Congress. This doctrine is particularly applicable in the area of labor law which is covered in detail by numerous comprehensive federal statutes. E.g., Terrizzi Beverage Company v. Local Union No. 830, 408 Pa. 380, 184 A.2d 243 (1962); Navios Corporation v. National Maritime Union of America, ...