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MESSING v. FINCH

February 22, 1971

Mildred MESSING, Plaintiff,
v.
Robert H. FINCH, Secretary of Health, Education & Welfare, Defendant


Huyett, District Judge.


The opinion of the court was delivered by: HUYETT

HUYETT, District Judge.

 Defendant has moved to dismiss plaintiff's complaint for two reasons: (1) lack of jurisdiction over the subject matter, and (2) failure to state a claim upon which relief can be granted. Under Rule 12(b) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure, defendant's motion shall be treated as one for summary judgment and disposed of as provided in Rule 56.

 I.

 The facts are not in dispute. Plaintiff is the Executrix of the estate of Harry Wolfe, deceased. Following the death of Harry Wolfe on March 29, 1968, counsel for Plaintiff returned the decedent's Social Security check for March, 1968, to the Bureau of Accounts, Treasury Department, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and requested a form for claim for death or funeral payment. Eventually, an application for Lump-Sum Death Payment was mailed to plaintiff's counsel which the latter refused to complete and return, maintaining that the Germantown Social Security Office had incorrectly typed certain dates on the application for the sole purpose of entrapping counsel into making a false statement. Counsel for plaintiff also rejected the request for a death certificate as "asinine". By letter dated November 18, 1969, the Department of Health, Education and Welfare sent to plaintiff's counsel a new, blank application form requesting that it be completed, executed by plaintiff, and returned along with proof of death. Unfortunately, counsel for plaintiff failed to complete and return this form, but instead filed the within action on March 10, 1970.

 Plaintiff avers that defendant has refused to make a determination of the claim and seeks payment of $264.00, with interest and costs. The sum of $264.00 represents the Lump-Sum Death Payment which plaintiff seeks. The two-year limitation for the filing of an application for the Lump-Sum Death Payment expired shortly after the institution of this action.

 II.

 Section 202 of the Social Security Act (the "Act"), 42 U.S.C. § 402, provides for the payment of Lump-Sum Death Payment in Subsection (i) which reads, in part:

 
"No payment * * * shall be made to any person under this subsection unless application therefor shall have been filed, by or on behalf of such person (whether or not legally competent), prior to the expiration of two years after the date of death of such insured individual. * * *"

 The Regulations further provide that the term "application" refers only to an application on a form prescribed by the Administration. An individual is not deemed to have "filed an application" for the purposes of § 202(i) of the Act until an application on the prescribed form is filed. Social Security Administration, 20 C.F.R. § 404.601 et seq.

 The Act and Regulations promulgated thereunder clearly indicate the filing of a proper application is a substantive condition precedent to entitlement to a Lump-Sum Death Payment. Bender v. Celebrezze, 332 F.2d 113 (7 Cir. 1964); Coy v. Folsom, 228 F.2d 276 (3 Cir. 1955). Unless a proper application is filed with the Secretary, no action may be taken concerning the claim. The Secretary has no discretion to grant benefits until an application is filed. Since plaintiff has not complied with the mandatory prerequisites prescribed by the Act to file a proper application, the Secretary has made no determination of eligibility.

 Provision for judicial review of claims arising under the Act is found in, and expressly limited by, Section 205(g) and (h) of the Act, 42 U.S.C. § 405(g) and (h). Section 205(g) reads, in part:

 
"Any individual, after any final decision of the Secretary made after a hearing to which he was a party, irrespective of the amount in controversy, may obtain a review of such decision by a civil action. * * * Such action shall be brought in ...

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